Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Ferrets

Pyelonephritis

Contributor(s): Cathy Johnson-Delaney, David Perpinan

Introduction

  • Infection of the kidney(s).
  • Cause: ascending infection of the urinary tract.
  • Signs: pain in kidney area, other signs similar to lower urinary tract infection.
  • Diagnosis: urinalysis, excretory urogram, ultrasonography, FNA.
  • Treatment: antibiotics, analgesia.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Usually due to an ascending infection of the urinary tract.
  • May also be found if systemic septicemia.
  • Hemolytic E. coli commonly involved according to one author; other enterobacteria may also be involved.

Predisposing factors

General

  • Prolong therapy with corticosteroids has been reported a the cause of pyelonephritis in one reported case of lymphoma. Similarly, other causes of immune suppression could facilitate pyelonephritis.

Epidemiology

  • Rare in pet ferrets.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

Other sources of information

  • Fox J G & Marini R P (2014) Biology and Diseases of the Ferret. 3rd edn. Wiley Blackwell, USA. pp 835.
  • Lewington J H (2007) Ferret Husbandry, Medicine and Surgery. 2nd edn. Saunders, USA. pp 521.


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