ISSN 2398-2985      

Ocular lymphoma

4ferrets

Introduction

  • Signs: lymphoma of the tissues surrounding the eye, may be diffuse or more definitive mass; can also affect the eye producing visual deficits.
  • Diagnosis: ophthalmic examination, ocular tissue biopsy.
  • Treatment: tissue excision, glans nictitans removal, topical prednisolone.
  • Prognosis: poor for multicentric lymphoma.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • The eye itself is not the site of the lymphoma.
  • There may be enlargement on the bulbar surface of the glans nictitans.
  • One or both of the eyes may be affected.
  • If the mass enlarges, it may proptose the globe and cause blindness.

Epidemiology

  • Neoplasia of the eye and orbit is uncommon in ferrets.
  • Malignant lymphoma is the most common neoplasm in both the eye and the orbit.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Miller P E (1997) Ferret ophthalmology. Semin Avian Exotic Pet Med 6 (3), 146-151 JExoticPetMed.
  • McCalla T L, Erdman S E, Kawasaki T A et al (1997) Lymphoma with orbital involvement in two ferrets. Vet Comp Ophthal 7 (1), 36-38 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Fox J G & Marini R P (2014) Eds. Biology and Diseases of the Ferret. 3rd edn. Wiley Blackwell, USA. pp 835.
  • Williams D L (2012) The Ferret Eye. In: Ophthalmology of Exotic Pets. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, UK. pp 73-85.

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