ISSN 2398-2985      

Influenza

4ferrets
Contributor(s):

Cathy Johnson-Delaney


Introduction

  • Cause: viral infection by human influenza virus, causing mild respiratory disease in ferrets.
  • Signs: characteristics of the disease depend on factors such as age of the ferret, virus strains and presence of secondary infections.
  • Diagnosis: history and clinical signs, serology, diagnostic imaging, hematology/serum chemistries.
  • Treatment: disease is generally mild and animals may recover with or without treatment. Treatment is largely symptomatic.
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Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Viral infection by human influenza virus.

Pathophysiology

  • Influenza viruses are RNA viruses in the family Orthomyxoviridae.
  • They have a significant global importance as they can cause serious disease in poultry and humans. Influenza can be transmitted from humans to ferrets and from ferrets to humans.
  • Clinical history may reveal contact with an infected person a few days before illness was noted in the ferret.
  • Transmission usually occurs by aerosol droplets.
  • Ferrets are very susceptible to human influenza owing to a lack of sialic acid in lung mucus.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Kendrick R E (2000) Ferret respiratory diseases. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract 3 (2), 453-464 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Richardson J & Perpiñán D (2017) Disorders of the Respiratory System. In: Ferret Medicine & Surgery. Eds: Johnson-Delaney C A. CRC Press, USA. pp 311-324.
  • Kiupel M & Perpiñán D (2014) Viral Diseases. In: Biology and Diseases of the Ferret. 3rd edn. Eds: Fox J G & Marini R P. Wiley Blackwell, USA. pp 439-517.
  • Barron H W & Rosenthal K L (2012) Respiratory Diseases. In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 3rd edn. Eds: Quesenberry K E & Carpenter J W. Elsevier Saunders, USA. pp 78-85.
  • Orcutt C & Malakoff R (2009) Ferrets: Cardiovascular and Respiratory System Disorders. In: BSAVA Manual of Rodents and Ferrets. Eds: Keeble E & Meredith A. BSAVA,  UK. pp 282-290.

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