Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Ferrets

Hair balls

Synonym(s): Trichobezoars

Contributor(s): Cathy Johnson-Delaney, David Perpinan

Introduction

  • Ferrets are prone to developing gastric trichobezoars.
  • Cause: a trichobezoar is a mass found in the gastrointestinal system formed from the ingestion of hair.
  • Signs: nausea, inappetance or anorexia, weight/condition loss, lethargy.
  • Diagnosis: palpation, radiography, ultrasonography, endoscopy, CT, exploratory laparotomy.
  • Treatment: surgical removal, medication to decrease ulceration.
  • Prognosis: good.
Print off the Owner factsheet on Gastric ulceration to give to your clients.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • The ingestion of hair is necessary for the formation of trichobezoars.
  • Predisposing factors for the formation of trichobezoars include:
  • Trichobezoar may pass out of the stomach and cause irritation, obstruction (partial, complete) in the intestine.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Lennox A M (2005) Gastrointestinal diseases of the ferret. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract  8 (2), 213-225 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Perpinan D & Johnson-Delaney C A (2017) Disorders of the Digestive System and Liver. In: Ferret Medicine and Surgery. Ed: Johnson-Delaney C A.CRC Press, USA. pp 159-190.
  • Hoefer H L, Fox J G & Bell J A (2012) Gastrointestinal Diseases. In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents. 3rd edn. Eds: Quesenberry K E & Carpenter J W. Elsevier, St. Louis, USA. pp 27-45.
  • Burgess M E (2007) Ferret Gastrointestinal and Hepatic Diseases. In: Ferret Husbandry, Medicine and Surgery. 2nd edn. Ed: Lewington J H. Saunders, Philadelphia, USA. pp 203-223.


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