Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Ferrets

Endogenous lipid pneumonia

Contributor(s): Cathy Johnson-Delaney, Sarah Pellett

Introduction

  • Cause: pulmonary disease caused by the accumulation of foamy macrophages in the pulmonary parenchyma.
  • Signs: usually none.
  • Diagnosis: radiography, bronchoalveolar lavage.
  • Treatment: corticosteroids, stomach protectant.
  • Prognosis: good.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Endogenous lipid pneumonia is an idiopathic and endogenous condition.
  • Caused by accumulation of foamy macrophages in pulmonary parenchyma.
  • It is mostly found incidentally when radiographing the thorax.
  • Often found incidentally with many conditions such as ferret systemic coronavirus (FRSCV) Ferret systemic coronavirus.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Perpiñán D & Ramis A (2011) Endogenous lipid pneumonia in a ferret. J Exotic Pet Med 20 (1), 51-55 ScienceDirect.
  • Kendrick R E (2000) Ferret respiratory diseases. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract 3 (2), 453-464 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Richardson J & Perpiñán D (2017) Disorders of the Respiratory System. In: Ferret Medicine & Surgery.  Ed: Johnson-Delaney C A. CRC Press, USA. pp 311-324.
  • Barron H W & Rosenthal K L (2012) Respiratory Diseases. In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 3rd edn. Eds: Quesenberry K E & Carpenter J W. Elsevier Saunders, St. Louis, USA. pp 78-85.


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