Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Ferrets

Cryptosporidiosis

Contributor(s): Cathy Johnson-Delaney, Sarah Pellett

Introduction

  • Cause: Cryptosporidium spp; Cryptosporidia is a apicomplexan protozoa.
  • Signs: diarrhea, anorexia, weight loss, dehydration, abdominal discomfort.
  • Diagnosis: wet mount direct smear, fecal flotation, ELISA, PCR.
  • Treatment: none, usually self-limiting.
  • Prognosis: excellent, if cause of immunosuppression treated.

Pathogenesis

Predisposing factors

General

  • Ingestion of contaminated water or feces.
  • Ingestion of contaminated raw meat.

Specific

  •  Immunosuppression from underlying diseases, or immunosuppression from administered medication such as corticosteroid therapy.

Pathophysiology

  • Cryptosporidia causing diarrhea is often expressed due to stress and immunosuppression.
  • Transmission is fecal-oral route.
  • Highly contagious in stressed animals.
  • It causes damage to the small intestinal mucosa resulting in diarrhea.
  • It is shed in the feces.
  • It is usually self-limiting in 2-3 weeks.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers


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