Exotis ISSN 2398-2985

Ferrets

Aleutian disease

Synonym(s): Aleutian Disease Virus, ADV

Contributor(s): Cathy Johnson-Delaney, Joerg Mayer

Introduction

  • A chronic wasting disease with hypergammaglobulinemia.
  • Cause: parvovirus.
  • Signs: splenic enlargement, neurological signs, fecal/urinary incontinence.
  • Diagnosis: ELISA, necropsy.
  • Treatment: supportive care, euthanasia.
  • Prognosis: unknown, but likely guarded.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • A parvovirus that causes a persistent infection in mink and in ferrets.
  • In adult mink, the disease is associated with immune complex glomerulonephritis, biliary hyperplasia, and arteritis; in kits, it is characterized by interstitial pneumonia.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Lewis W (2009) Ferrets: Nervous and Musculoskeletal Disorders. In BSAVA Manual of Rodents and Ferrets. Eds: Keeble E & Meredith A. BSAVA, Quedgely, UK. pp 303-310.
  • Lewington J H (2007) Viral, Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases. In Ferret Husbandry, Medicine and Surgery. 2nd edn. Ed: Lewington J H. Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia, USA. pp 169-202.


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