Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Vulva: Caslick operation

Synonym(s): Windsucking operation, episioplasty

Contributor(s): Terry Blanchard, David Dugdale, Graham Munroe

Introduction

  • Pneumovagina   Vagina: pneumovagina  is the involuntary aspiration of air into the vagina - caused by faulty vulval lip closure as a result of poor conformation   Vulva: conformation   or injury   Vulva: poor conformation 02    Vulva: 80 degree vulval conformation  .
  • The aspiration of air and other material, particularly feces   →   chronic reproductive tract inflammation, infection and infertility.
  • Correction of pneumovagina is multifactorial, but Caslick's operation (episioplasty) remains the most common surgical treatment.

Uses

Advantages

  • Simple, standing procedure.
  • Relatively cheap.

Disadvantages

  • The Caslick's operation requires repeated opening and repair for breeding and parturition.
  • Repetition of the procedure, particularly with excessive removal of labial tissue, can   →   excessive scarring, loss of labial tissue and plasticity, and eventual failure of the technique   Vulva: conformation 02 - after Pouret and Caslick operation  .

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Beard W (1991) Standing urogenital surgery. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract (3), 669-684 (Review) PubMed.


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