ISSN 2398-2977      

Uterus: endoscopy

pequis

Synonym(s): Hysteroscopy, videohysteroscopy


Introduction

Uses

Advantages

  • Provision of additional information to full work-up.
  • Diagnosis of conditions not detectable by other methods, eg:
    • Transluminal adhesions.
    • Small endometrial cysts.
    • Tumors.
    • Abnormalities of the uterotubal papillae.
    • Congenital abnormalities.
  • The proportional extent of pathologic changes may be obtained.

Disadvantages

  • Relatively expensive equipment required.
  • Risk of introduction of infection – a particular issue in mares prone to persistent post-breeding endometritis Reproduction: persistent post-breeding endometritis who anyway have a reduced ability to clear uterine infection.
  • Time consuming.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Otzen H, Sieme H et al (2016) Identification of vessel degeneration and endometriosis in the equine endometrium, using narrow-band imaging hysteroscopy. Theriogenology 86 (6), 1445-1452 PubMed
  • Rambags B P & Stout T A (2005) Transcervical endoscope-guided emptying of a transmural uterine cyst in a mare. Vet Rec 156 (21), 679-82 PubMed.
  • Berezowski C (2002) Diagnosis of a uterine leiomyoma using hysteroscopy and a partial ovariohysterectomy in a mare. Can Vet J 43 (12), 968-70 PubMed.
  • Schiemann V et al (2001) Diagnostic hysteroscopy in the mare - Uterine contamination and endometrial reaction. Pferdeheilkunde 17 (6), 557-564.
  • Millar B (1998) Care and disinfection of endoscopes. Equine Vet Educ 10 (5), 278-280 VetMedResource.
  • Allen W R & Bracher V (1992) Videoendoscopic evaluation of the mare's uterus: III. Findings in pregnant mares. Equine Vet J 24 (4), 285-291 PubMed.
  • Bracher V & Allen W R (1992) Videoendoscopic evaluation of the mare's uterus I. Findings in normal fertile mares. Equine Vet J 24 (4), 274-278 PubMed.
  • Bracher V, Mathias S & Allen W R (1992) Videoendoscopic evaluation of the mare's uterus II. Findings in subfertile mares. Equine Vet J 24 (4), 279-284 PubMed.
  • Wilson G L (1983) Equine hysteroscopy: a window to the internal reproductive tract. Vet Med Small Anim Clin 78, 1455-1466.

Other sources of information

  • Card C E (2011) Endoscopic Examination. In: Equine Reproduction. Eds: McKinnon A O, Squires E L, Vaala W E & Varner D D. Wiley Blackwell, UK. pp 1940-1949.

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