Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Urinary system: endoscopy

Contributor(s): Graham Munroe, Han van der Kolk, Rachael Conwell

Introduction

Uses

  • Examination of the entire urethra.
  • Visualization of the ureteral openings into the bladder.
  • Greatest use in confirming and evaluating bladder tumors and stones, sabulous cystitis, ectopic ureter location and source of hematuria   Urine: hematuria  .
  • It is possible to catheterize the ureters under endoscopic guidance in the bladder.

Advantages

  • Relatively non-invasive.
  • Allows direct visualization of lumen of caudal urinary tract.

Disadvantages

  • Requires suitable instrument.

Requirements

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Preparation

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Procedure

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Aftercare

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Prognosis

  • Good following cystoscopy, but varies according to the primary condition and diagnosis.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Nolen-Walston R (2014) Venous air embolism during cystoscopy in standing horses. Equine Vet Educ 26 (3), 138-140 VetMedResource.
  • Romagnoli R et al (2014) Suspected venous air embolism during urinary tract endoscopy in a standing horse. Equine Vet Educ 26 (3), 134-137 VetMedResource.
  • Parquel S G et al (2013) Ureteropyeloscopicanatomy of the renal pelvis of the horseEquine Vet J 45, 31-38 PubMed.
  • Aleman M et al (2011) Ulcerative cystitis associated with phenylbutazone administration in two horses. JAVMA 239 (4) 499-503 PubMed.
  • Menzies-Gow N (2007) Diagnostic endoscopy of the urinary tract of the horseIn Pract 29 (4) 208-213 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Schott H C & Varner D D (1997)Urinary Tract.In:Equine Endoscopy. Ed 2.Eds: Traub-Dargatz J L & Brown C M. C V Mosby, St Louis.


ADDED