Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Ultrasonography: musculoskeletal

Contributor(s): Roberta Baxter, Chris Whitton

Introduction

  • Ultrasonography   Ultrasonography: overview  is most valuable in the evaluation of soft tissue pathology.
  • Transcutaneous and rectal routes can be used depending on the area that is to be imaged.

Uses

Advantages

  • Adaptable.
  • Non-invasive (or marginally invasive).
  • In itself safe, though rectal examination can be dangerous.
  • Portable.
  • Not expensive.
  • Painless.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Redding W R & Pease A P (2010) Imaging of the shoulder. Equine Vet Educ 22 (4), 199-209 VetMedResource.
  • Pasquet H, Coudry V & Denoix J M (2008) Ultrasonographic examination of the proximal tendon of the biceps brachii: technique and reference images. Equine Vet Educ 20 (6), 331-336 Wiley Online Library.
  • Smith S & Smith R (2008) Diagnostic ultrasound of the limb joints, muscle and bone in horses. In Pract 30 (3), 152-159 VetMedResource.
  • Jacquet S, Audigie F & Denoix J M (2007) Ultrasonographic diagnosis of subchondral bone cysts in the medial femoral condyle in horses. Equine Vet Educ 19 (1), 47-50 Wiley Online Library.
  • Coudry V & Denoix J M (2005) Ultrasonography of the femorotibial collateral ligaments of the horse. Equine Vet Educ 17 (5), 275-279 VetMedResource.
  • Dik K J, Van den Belt A J M & Keg P R (1991) Ultrasonographic evaluation of fetlock annular ligament constriction in the horse. Equine Vet J 23 (4), 285-288 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Whitcomb M B (2003)How to Perform a Complete Ultrasound Exam of the Equine Shoulder.In:Proc 49th AAEP Convention.pp 42-49.
  • Rantanen N & McKinnon A (1998)Equine Diagnostic Ultrasound.1st edn. Eds: Williams & Wilkins. Baltimore. ISBN 0-683-07123-8.
  • Nyland T G & Mattoon J S (1995)Veterinary Diagnostic Ultrasound. Philadelphia: W B Saunders Co.


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