Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Ultrasonography: flexor tendon

Contributor(s): Roberta Baxter, Sue Dyson, Graham Munroe, Chris Whitton

Introduction

Uses

Advantages

  • Adaptable.
  • Portable.
  • Not expensive.
  • Safe.
  • Non-invasive, pain free.

Disadvantages

  • Evaluates soft tissues and some superficial bone only.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Coudry V & Denoix J M (2013) Ultrasonographic examination of the palmar aspect of the pastern of the horse: digital flexor tendons and digital sheath. Equine Vet Educ 25 (4), 196-203.
  • Ramzan P H L, Palmer L, Dallas R S & Shepherd M C (2013) Subclinical ultrasonographic abnormalities of the suspensory ligament branch of the athletic horse: A survey of 60 Thoroughbred racehorses. Equine Vet J 45 (2), 159-163 PubMed.
  • Zauscher J M, Estrada R, Edinger J & Lischer C J (2013) The proximal aspect of the suspensory ligament in the horse: How precise are ultrasonographic measurements? Equine Vet J 45 (2), 164-169 PubMed.
  • Denoix J M et al (2011) Ultrasonographic examination of the collateral ligaments of the distal interphalangeal joint in horses. Part B: Abnormal findings and lesions. Equine Vet Educ 23 (12), 616-625.
  • Seignour M, Pasquet H, Coudry V & Denoix J-M (2011) Ultrasonographic diagnosis of injuries to the deep digital flexor tendon and associated structures in the equine foot (suprasesamoidean area). Equine Vet Educ 23 (7), 369-376.
  • Avella C S et al (2009) Ultrasonographic assessment of the superficial digital flexor tendon on National Hunt racehorses in training over two racing seasons. Equine Vet J 41 (5), 449-545 PubMed.
  • Pickersgill C H, Marr C M & Reid S W J (2001) Repeatability of diagnostic ultrasonography on the assessment of the equine superficial digital flexor tendon. Equine Vet J 33 (1), 33-37 PubMed.
  • Denoix J M & Busoni V (1999) Ultrasonographic anatomy of the accessory ligament of the superficial digital flexor tendon in horses. Equine Vet Educ 31 (3), 186-191 PubMed.
  • Dik K J, Van den Belt A J M & Keg P R (1991) Ultrasonographic evaluation of fetlock annular ligament constriction in the horse. Equine Vet J 23 (4), 285-288 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Rantanen N & McKinnon A (1998)Equine Diagnostic Ultrasonography.1st edn. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. ISBN 0-683-07123-8.
  • Reef V B (1998)Equine Diagnostic Ultrasound.1st edn. W B Saunders, Philadelphia. ISBN 0-7216-5023-6.
  • Nyland T G & Mattoon J S (1995)Veterinary Diagnostic Ultrasound.Saunders.
  • Hodgson D R & Rose R R (1994) EdsThe Athletic Horse - Principles and Practice of Equine Sports Medicine.W B Saunders, Philadelphia.


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