Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Thorax: thoracentesis

Synonym(s): Thoracocentesis

Contributor(s): Christopher Brown, Graham Munroe, Dwayne Rodgerson

Introduction

  • Thoracentesis is indicated where there is evidence of pleural effusion and collection is necessary to undertake examination of the fluid (physical, biochemical, cytologic and bacteriologic).

Uses

  • Collection of pleural effusions for analysis.
  • Therapeutic drainage of pleural effusions.

Advantages

  • Simple and safe procedure.
  • Relieves dyspnea and pain.
  • Removes inflammatory products.

Disadvantages

  • Potential complications are serious.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Dependent upon individual disease entity.
  • Good for diagnostic thoracentesis.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Cowell R L et al (1987) Collection and evaluation of equine peritoneal and pleural effusions. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract (3), 543-561 PubMed.
  • Bennett D G (1986) Evaluation of pleural fluid in the diagnosis of thoracic disease in the horse. JAVMA 188 (8), 814-815 PubMed.


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