Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Testis: cryptorchidectomy - ventral midline approach

Contributor(s): Dennis E Brooks, Graham Munroe, Janice Sojka

Introduction

  • Unilateral cryptorchids can be used for breeding but as the condition is hereditary this should be actively discouraged and castration of both testicles recommended   Testis: cryptorchidism  .
  • Bilateral cases should be castrated as hormonal and surgical treatments to effect descent are unethical and often unsuccessful.

Uses

Advantages

  • Both abdominal testicles can be removed.
  • Secure closure of incision.
  • Maximum exploration of abdomen is possible - allows access to testes at remote and unusual sites within the abdomen.

Disadvantages

  • Allows removal of only abdominal testicles.
  • Considered more invasive than inguinal/parainguinal and may   →   increased post-operative complications.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Good.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Davies E W (1997) Laparosopic cryptorchidectomy in standing horses. Vet Surg 26, 326-331 PubMed.
  • Fischer A T & Vaclon A M (1992) Laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy in horses. JAVMA 201, 1705-1708 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Shumacher J (1992)Cryptorchid Castration.In:Equine Surgery. Ed: Auer J A. W B Saunders, Philadelphia.


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