Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Teeth: removal - wolf teeth

Contributor(s): Gordon Baker, Jack Easley, Graham Munroe, Chris Pearce, Vetstream Ltd

Introduction

  • Vestigial first premolar ('Wolf tooth') appears in about 20-80% of horses and can interfere with the bit.
  • More commonly observed in the maxillary arcade, usually bilateral.

Uses

  • Removal of first premolar tooth where it interferes with the bit   →   difficulty controlling horse   Wolf teeth  .

The first premolar is usually closely associated with the second premolar and would rarely interfere with the bit; if it is rostrally/medially displaced or impacted (blind wolf tooth), it may cause problems.

Advantages

  • Simple procedure.
  • Routinely practiced in some studs.

Disadvantages

  • Depending on the position of the tooth, removal may be awkward   →   partial removal.
  • Often removal is unnecessary.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Good.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Tremain H & Pearce C (2012) A modern approach to equine dentistry 4. Routine treatments. In Pract 34 (6), 330-347 VetMedResource.
  • Easley J (1998) Dental care and instrumentation. Vet Clin N A Equine Pract 14 (2), 321-323 PubMed.
  • Scrutchfield W L et al (1993) Examination of the oral cavity and routine dental care. Vet Clin N A Equine Pract (1), 123-131 PubMed.
  • Scott E A (1982) Surgery of the oral cavity. Vet Clin North Am Large Anim Pract (1), 3-31 PubMed.


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