Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Teeth: extraction

Contributor(s): Gordon Baker, Jack Easley, Chris Pearce, Jill Richardson

Introduction

  • Oral extraction +/- general anesthesia or standing sedation and analgesia.
  • The rostral teeth are more accessible and easy to extract. Teeth are easier to extract in the older horse with less reserve crown.

Uses

Advantages

  • In some cases may be done as a standing procedure.
  • Faster and less invasive than repulsion.
  • Suitable for incisors as well as cheek teeth.
  • Rapid recovery.
  • Loose cheek teeth may be removed.
  • Reduced complications.

Disadvantages

  • Access to cheek teeth restricted.
  • Tooth may be too long and need cutting off to prevent obstruction by opposing tooth.
  • No less technically difficult than repulsion or buccotomy.
  • Particularly difficult in young (5-8 years) horses.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Ramzan P H L, Palmer L, Barquero N & Mewton J R (2009) Chronology and sequence of emergence of permanent premolar teeth in the horse: Study of deciduous premolar 'cap' removal in Thoroughbred racehorses. Equine Vet J 41 (2), 107-111 PubMed.
  • Alexander K, McMillen R G & Easley J (2001) Incisor extraction in a horse by a longitudinal forage technique. Equine Vet Educ 13 (4), 179-178 VetMedResource.
  • Lowden M Q & Muller P O E (1998) Dental diseases in geriatric horses. Vet Clin North Am 14 (2), 376-378 PubMed.
  • Howarth S (1995) Equine dental surgery. Equine Pract 17 (4), 178-187 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Tremaine H (2004)Oral Dental Extraction in Standing Horses. In:Proc 43rd BEVA Congress. Equine Vet J Ltd, Newmarket. pp 141.
  • Easley K J (1999)Equine Tooth Removal (Exodontia).Equine Dentistry.Eds: Baker & Easley. Philadelphia: W B Saunders. pp 218-247.


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