Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Stifle: arthroscopy

Contributor(s): Bud G E Fackelman, Graham Munroe

Introduction

  • Arthroscopy is a useful tool for both diagnosis and treatment of lesions   Joint: arthroscopy - overview   of the femorotibial and femoropatellar joints of the stifle but it is a procedure that should only be carried out by specialists in the field.

Uses

Advantages

  • Minimally invasive with reduced trauma and fewer complications.
  • Improved visibility.
  • Multiple arthroscopies can be performed in multiple joints on one occasion.
  • Good cosmetic appearance following surgery.
  • Shorter operating time vs. arthrotomy.
  • Reduced convalescence vs. arthrotomy.
  • Better prognosis for return to previous level of performance (and beyond) vs arthrotomy.

Disadvantages

  • Expensive equipment.
  • High levels of surgical expertise, knowledge and experience of technique required.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Prognosis for return to soundness and previous performance lesion-dependent.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Walmsley J P et al (2003) Meniscal tears in horses: an evaluation of clinical signs and arthroscopic treatment of 80 cases. Equine Vet J 35 (4), 402-406 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Ross M W & Dyson S J (2003) Eds Diagnosis and Management of Lameness in the Horse. Saunders.
  • McIlwraith C W & Robertson J T (1998)Equine Surgery Advanced techniques.2nd edn. Williams & Wilkins.


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