ISSN 2398-2977      

Neurology: examination - adult

pequis

Introduction

  • The neurologic examination is the most important diagnostic tool in the evaluation of neurologic disease.
  • The objective is to localize the site of the lesion in the nervous system and decide upon possible etiologies.
  • An understanding of the function and anatomy of the central nervous system (CNS) is essential.

Uses

  • Suspected lesion(s) involving the CNS.
  • Recumbency following trauma.
  • To determine the site(s) of lesions and therefore, their possible etiologies, treatment and prognosis for recovery.
  • Possible hepatic encephalopathy.

Advantages

  • Diagnostically very informative.
  • Within the scope of all veterinarians and no specialist equipment required, although subtle lesions can be difficult to assess if facilities and expertise are not good enough.

Disadvantages

  • Neurological status can change rapidly.
  • Multi-lesion diseases can be difficult to interpret.
  • Must be analyzed with adjunctive diagnostics including blood work and advanced imaging.

Requirements

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Procedure

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Aftercare

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Mitchell C W et al (2012) The use of magnetic resonance imaging in evaluating horses with spinal ataxia. Vet Radiol & Ultrasound 53 (6), 613-620 PubMed.
  • Licka T F (2011) Differentiation of ataxic and orthopedic gait abnormalities in the horse. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 27 (3), 411-416 PubMed.
  • Knottenbelt D C (1996) Equine neurologic disease and dysfunction - a diagnostic challenge for the practitioner. Part 2 - The clinical neurologic examination. Equine Vet Educ (5), 260-270 WileyOnline.
  • Lunn D P & Mayhew I G (1989) The neurologic examination of horses. Equine Vet Educ (2), 94-101 WileyOnline.
  • Reed et al Ataxia and paresis in horses - differential diagnosis. The Compendium (3).

Other sources of information

  • Mayhew I G (1989) Large Animal Neurology - A Handbook for Veterinary Clinicians. Lea & Febiger, USA.

Related Images

RELATED CONTENT

Arab

Behavior: aggression - hormone related

Bladder: paralysis

Bladder: urinary tract infection

Blood: overview

Borrelia burgdorferi

Botulism

Brachial plexus: trauma

CNS: brain trauma

CNS: Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM)

CNS: myeloencephalopathy - degenerative

CNS: myeloencephalopathy - EHV

CNS: neoplasia

CNS: verminous encephalomyelitis

Computed tomography

Cryptococcosis

CSF: collection

Dutch warmblood

Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis

Electrodiagnostic testing

Equine viral encephalitides

Euthanasia

Eye: examination - dark - mydriasis

Eye: examination - lighted

Eye: neoplasia - overview

Eye: reflexes - overview

Eyeball: strabismus

Femoral nerve: trauma

Head: fractures

Head: radiography

Heart: sinus bradycardia

Hypovolemic shock

Larynx: slap test

Magnetic resonance imaging

Male: ejaculatory dysfunction

Morgan

Musculocutaneous nerve: paralysis

Musculoskeletal: back pain

Musculoskeletal: gait evaluation

Musculoskeletal: physical examination - adult

Myelography

Neurology: Borna disease

Neurology: cerebellar abiotrophy

Neurology: examination - foal

Neurology: menace reflex

Neurology: shivering

Neurology: vision testing - pupillary light reflex

Optic nerve: neuropathy - trauma

Orbit: trauma

Peripheral nerve: trauma

Peroneal nerve: trauma

Polyneuritis equi

Pre-purchase examination (UK)

Pre-purchase examination (US)

Pupil: anisocoria

Rabies

Radial nerve: trauma

Sacrum: fracture

Sciatic nerve: paralysis

Serology

Spinal cord: trauma

Spine: cervical vertebral malformation (CVM)

Suprascapular nerve: paralysis

Temporohyoid joint: osteoarthropathy

Thoroughbred

Toxicity: sorghum

Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis

Western Equine Encephalomyelitis

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!