Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Neurology: examination - adult

Contributor(s): Caroline Hahn, Robert J MacKay, Ruth Morgan, Vetstream Ltd

Introduction

  • The neurologic examination is the most important diagnostic tool in the evaluation of neurologic disease.
  • The objective is to localize the site of the lesion in the nervous system and decide upon possible etiologies.
  • An understanding of the function and anatomy of the central nervous system (CNS) is essential.

Uses

  • Suspected lesion(s) involving the CNS.
  • Recumbency following trauma.
  • To determine the site(s) of lesions and therefore, their possible etiologies, treatment and prognosis for recovery.

Advantages

  • Diagnostically very informative.
  • Within the scope of all veterinarians and no specialist equipment required.

Disadvantages

  • Neurological status can change rapidly.

Requirements

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Mitchell C W et al (2012) The use of magnetic resonance imaging in evaluating horses with spinal ataxia. Vet Radiol & Ultrasound 53 (6), 613-620 PubMed.
  • Licka T F (2011) Differentiation of ataxic and orthopedic gait abnormalities in the horse. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 27 (3), 411-416 PubMed.
  • Knottenbelt D C (1996) Equine neurologic disease and dysfunction - a diagnostic challenge for the practitioner. Part 2 - The clinical neurologic examination. Equine Vet Educ (5), 260-270 Wiley Online Library.
  • Lunn D P & Mayhew I G (1989) The neurologic examination of horses. Equine Vet Educ (2), 94-101 Wiley Online Library.
  • Reed et al Ataxia and paresis in horses - differential diagnosis. The Compendium (3).

Other sources of information

  • Mayhew I G (1989)Large Animal Neurology - A Handbook for Veterinary Clinicians.Philadelphia. Lea & Febiger.


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