Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Gastrointestinal: enterotomy

Contributor(s): Graham Munroe, Jarred Williams

Introduction

  • Enterotomy is a basic technique of intestinal surgery use to access the lumen of the intestine.
  • Enterotomies are commonly performed in the jejunum, cecum, large colon and small colon.

Uses

Advantages

  • A number of enterotomy techniques are available, minimal consumables, technically easy.

Disadvantages

  • Anesthesia, abdominal contamination, stricture at the site of enterotomy, dehiscence.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Depends on primary lesion.
  • Enterotomy is performed to facilitate management of condition, therefore prognosis based on enterotomy alone is not possible.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Rosser J, Brounts S, Slone D et al (2012) Pelvic flexure enterotomy closure in the horse with a TA-90 stapling device: a retrospective clinical study of 84 cases (2001-2008). Can Vet J 53 (6), 643-647 PubMed.
  • Mueller P O & Allen D (1996) Instrumentation and techniques in equine gastrointestinal surgery. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 12 (2), 207-233 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Stick J A (2012) Section V: Alimentary System. In: Equine Surgery. 4th edn. Eds: Auer J A & Stick J A. W B Saunders, USA. pp 339-529.


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