Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Forelimb: radiography

Contributor(s): Tim Donovan, Jeffrey Watkins, Jonie Watkins, Chris Whitton, Laura Quiney

Introduction

Radiography allows assessment of both osseous and soft tissue structures of the forelimb Radiography: overview.

Uses

  • To evaluate osseous and soft tissue structures of the forelimb.
  • Part of diagnostic work-up of lameness cases.
  • Part of some pre-purchase evaluations.
  • To monitor recovery from injury or progression of lesions.
  • Intra-operative evaluation of arthroscopy Joint: arthroscopy - overview and fracture fixation.

Advantages

  • Radiography is a readily available modality, relatively inexpensive and non-invasive.
  • Important imaging modality for identification of osseous and some soft tissue abnormalities.
  • Digital images can be shared easily for expert interpretation or opinion.
  • Can be used to aid surgical planning

Disadvantages

  • Not 100% sensitive or specific for all osseous lesions.
  • Depends largely upon image quality and experience of interpreter. Influenced by operator, patient and equipment factors.
  • Potential for radiation exposure to operators and involved personnel.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Redding W R & Pease A P (2010) Imaging of the shoulder. Equine Vet Educ 22 (4), 199-209 VetMedResource.
  • Richard E & Alexander K (2007) Nonconventional radiographic projections in the equine orthopedic examination. Equine Vet Educ 19 (10), 551-559 VetMedResource.
  • Ruohoniemi M, Makela O & Eskonen T (2004) Clinical significance of ossification of the cartilages of the front feet based on nuclear bone imaging, radiography and lameness examinations in 21 Finnhorses. Equine Vet J 36 (2), 143-148 PubMed.
  • Pilsworth R C (1996) Radiography and radiology of the metacarpus and metatarsus. Equine Vet Educ 8 (5), 283-292 VetMedResource.
  • Quick C B & Rendano V T (1979) Equine radiology: the splint bones. Mod Vet Pract 60 (1), 56-60 PubMed.
  • Rendano V T (1977) Equine radiology - the fetlock. Mod Vet Pract 58 (10), 871-875 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Butler J A, Colles C M, Dyson S J, Kold S E & Poulos P W (2017) Clinical Radiology of the Horse.  4th edn. Wiley Blackwell, UK.
  • Stashak T S (1987) Adams' Lameness in Horses. 4th edn. Lea & Febiger, USA.


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