Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Female: genitalia - external examination

Contributor(s): Terry Blanchard, John Dascanio, Graham Munroe, Elaine Watson, Madeleine L H Campbell

Introduction

  • Examination of the external genitalia is carried out to ascertain the presence of disease or anatomical abnormality, be it viral, parasitic, neoplastic, traumatic, or rarely, developmental.
  • It constitutes part of a breeding soundness examination.
  • Methods adopted use both natural and chemical stimulation.

Uses

Requirements

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Dascanio J J et al (1997) Diagnostic procedures in mare reproduction - basic evaluation. Comp Cont Educ Pract Vet 19 (8), 980-985 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Bergfelt D R (2008) Anatomy and Physiology of the Mare. In: Equine Breeding Management and Artificial Insemination. 2nd edn. Eds: Samper J C. Elsevier Health Sciences. pp 113-131.
  • Colahan P T et al (1991) Equine Medicine and Surgery. 4th edn; Vol 2. American Veterinary Publications, Inc. ISBN 0 939674 27 0. pp 848 (Concise summary of main points).


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