Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Endometrium: biopsy

Contributor(s): Annalisa Barrelet, Rob Lofstedt, Graham Munroe, Allan Gunn

Introduction

  • Endometrial disease is common in the brood mare and the detailed histologic picture revealed by biopsy in association with other reproductive examination techniques can lead to a more accurate diagnosis and prognosis.

Uses

  • Diagnosis of endometrial pathology
  • Part of a breeding soundness examination.
  • Microbiological assessment of the endometrium.

Advantages

  • Allows detailed histological appraisal of the endometrium.

Disadvantages

Confirm non-pregnancy prior to biopsy.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Comparison of two biopsy samples taken before and after treatment (6 weeks) is very useful.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Snider T A, Sepoy C & Holyoak G R (2011) Equine endometrial biopsy reviewed: observation, interpretation and application of histopathologic data. Theriogenology 75 (9), 1567-1581 PubMed.
  • Ricketts S W & Alonso S (1991) Assessment of the breeding prognosis of mares using paired endometrial biopsy technique. Equine Vet J 23 (3), 185-188 PubMed.
  • Van Camp S D (1988) Endometrial biopsy of the mare. A review and update. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract (2), 229-245 PubMed.
  • Hurtgen J P & Whitmore H L (1978) Effects of endometrial biopsy, uterine culture, and cervical dilation on the equine estrous cycle. JAVMA 173 (1), 98-100 PubMed.
  • Kenney R M (1978) Cyclic and pathologic changes of the mare endometrium as detected by biopsy, with a note on early embryonic death. JAVMA 172 (3), 241-262 PubMed.
  • Ricketts S W, Rossdale P D & Samuel C A (1978) Endometrial biopsy studies of mares with contagious equine metritis 1977. Equine Vet J 10 (3), 160-166 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Kenney R M & Doig P A (1986)Equine Endometrial Biopsy.In:Current Therapy in Theriogenology: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Reproductive diseases in Small and Large Animals.Eds: Morrow D A. Saunders, Philadelphia.


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