Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Cardiovascular: blood pressure monitoring

Contributor(s): Dennis R Gieser, Craig Johnson, Vetstream Ltd

Introduction

Uses

  • Indicates the depth of anesthesia in conjunction with other parameters.
  • Warns of a deterioration in the status of the cardiovascular system.
  • Warns of shock or exaggerated response to the anesthetic drugs.

Advantages

  • Both direct and indirect methods are relatively easy to use.
  • Direct method allows access to arterial blood for blood gas analysis .
  • Hypotension may be detected and dealt with early enough to prevent more serious sequellae.

Disadvantages

  • Direct method requires arterial catheterization .
  • Manual or mechanical ventilation will affect the values, therefore readings should be taken between respiratory excursions.
  • Cost of equipment for both direct and indirect methods can be high.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Jones J L (1996) Invasive monitoring techniques in anesthetized animals. Vet Med, 326 VetMedResource.
  • Jones J L (1996) Non-invasive monitoring techniques in anesthetized animals. Vet Med, 337 VetMedResource.
  • Keegan R D and Greene S A (1994) Equine anesthesia; blood pressure and monitoring - a review. Equine Pract 16 (7), 26.
  • Riebold T W (1990) Monitoring equine anesthesia. Vet Clin N A Equine Pract (3), 607-624 PubMed.
  • Young S (1989) Monitoring the anesthetized horse. Equine Vet Educ (1), 45-49 Wiley Online Library.
  • Hall L W (1984) Cardiovascular and pulmonary effects on recumbency in two conscious ponies. Equine Vet J 16 (2), 89-92 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • McDonell W N & Dyson D H (1990)Monitoring the anesthetized horse.In:Current Practice of Equine Surgery, Eds: White N A & Moore J N. Lippincott. pp 87-93.
  • Hall L W & Clarke K W (1983) Veterinary Anesthesia.8th edn. Bailliere Tindall, London.


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