Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Bladder: cystorrhaphy

Contributor(s): David Moll, Graham Munroe

Introduction

  • The surgical technique for repair of disruption of the equine bladder Bladder: rupture.
  • Most commonly used in the neonatal foal.

Uses

Advantages

  • Allows primary repair of the bladder rupture.

Disadvantages

  • General anesthesia Anesthesia: general - overview required for standard ventral celiotomy approach.
  • The approach is more difficult in the male due to the prepuce.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Pye J L et al (2018) Transurethral endoscopic-guided intraluminal closure of multiple urinary bladder tears in a standing mare. Equine Vet Educ. 30 (3), 127-131 VetMedResource.
  • Ruzickova P et al (2016) Ex vivo biomechanical comparison of 4 suture materials for laparoscopic bladder closure in the horse. Vet Surg 45, 374-379 VetMedResource.
  • Higuchi T, Inoue S, Satoh M, Kato T & Yuasa Y (2012) Ventrocaudal cystorrhaphy without urethral sphincterotomy in two broodmares. Equine Vet Educ 24 (10), 513-516 VetMedResource.
  • Stephen J O et al (2009) A noninvasive technique for standing surgical repair of urinary bladder rupture in a post-partum mare: A case report. Irish Vet J 62 (11), 734-736 PubMed.
  • Tuohy J L et al (2009) Standing laparoscopic repair of a ruptured urinary bladder in a mature draught horse. Equine Vet Educ 21, 257-261 VetMedResource.
  • Ragle C A (2008) Decision-making and options: Surgical approach and repair of the equine bladder. Equine Vet Educ 20 (4) 191-193 VetMedResource.
  • Rijkenhuizen A B et al (2008) Laparoscopic repair of a ruptured bladder in an adult mare. Equine Vet Educ 20, 183-189 VetMedResource.
  • Higuchi T et al (2002) Repair of urinary bladder rupture through a urethrotomy and urethral sphincterotomy in four postpartum mares. J Vet Surg 31, 334 PubMed.
  • Walesby H A, Ragle C A & Booth L C (2002) Laparoscopic repair of ruptured urinary bladder in a stallion. JAVMA 221 (12), 1737-41 PubMed.
  • Kablack K A et al (2000) Uroperitoneum in the hospitalized equine neonate: Retrospective study of 31 cases, 1988–1997. Equine Vet J 32, 505–508 PubMed.
  • Rogerson D H et al (1999) Standing surgical repair of cystorrhexis in two mares. Vet Surg 28, 113-116 PubMed.
  • Edwards R B et al (1995) Laparoscopic repair of a bladder rupture in a foal. Vet Surg 24, 60-63 PubMed.
  • Adams R & Koterba A M (1988) Exploratory celiotomy for suspected urinary tract disruption in neonatal foals: A review of 18 cases. Equine Vet J 20, 12–17 PubMed.

Other Sources of Information

  • Schott H C (2012) Bladder. In: Equine Surgery. Eds: Auer J & Stick J. 4th edn. Elsevier. pp 927-939.
  • Hendrickson D A & Lee M (2012) Repair of the ruptured equine bladder. In: Advances in Equine Laparoscopy. Eds: Ragle C A. Wiley Blackwell, Ames. pp 1-228.


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