Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Sodium chloride

Synonym(s): Saline salt

Contributor(s): Mark Senior

Introduction

Name

  • Sodium chloride.

Class of drug

  • Electrolyte solution.

Description

Molecular formula

  • NaCl.

Uses

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Indications

  • Water/electrolyte replacement/hyponatremia:
    • Management of hypotension/shock   Fluid therapy: overview  .
    • Anorexia.
    • Water deprivation/inability to drink/swallow.
    • Diabetes insipidus.
    • Polyuric renal failure.
    • Pyrexia.
    • Diarrhea.
    • Bowel obstruction.
  • Ophthalmic solution - reduction of corneal edema (hypertonic) and flushing.
  • Skin and wound cleanser   Wound: management - overview  .
  • Drug diluent.

Administration

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Other sources of information

  • Derived fromThe Small Animal Formulary.Tennant B (Ed) (1999) 3rd edn. British Small Animal Veterinary Association.
  • Derived fromThe Veterinary Formulary.Bishop Y (Ed) (1998) 4th edn. British Veterinary Association and Royal Pharmaceutical Society.

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