Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Lidocaine

Synonym(s): Lidocaine hydrochloride, lignocaine hydrochloride

Introduction

Name

  • Lidocaine hydrochloride.

Class of drug

  • Local anesthetic.

Uses

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Indications

  • Epidural.
  • Field block (with epinephrine).
  • Perineural anesthesia (with epinephrine).
  • Arryhthmias.

Administration

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Precautions

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references fromPubMed.
  • Villalba M, Santiago I & Gomex de Segura I A (2011)Effects of constant rate infusion of lidocaine and ketamine, with or without morphine, on isoflurane MAC in horses.Equine Vet J43(6), 721-726PubMed.
  • Guschlbauer M, Hoppe S, Geburek F, Feige K & Huber K (2010)In vitroeffects of lidocaine on the contractility of equine jejunal smooth muscle challenged by ischaemia-reperfusion injury.Equine Vet J42(1), 53-58PubMed.
  • Sinclair M & Valverde A (2009)Short-term anaeshtesia with xylazine, diazepa/ketamine for castration in horses under field conditions: Use of intravenous lidocaine.Equine Vet J41(2), 149-152PubMed.
  • Dickey E J, McKenzie III H C, Brown J A & De Solis C N (2008)Serum concentrations of lidocaine and its metabolites after prolonged infusion in healthy horses.Equine Vet J40(4), 348-352PubMed.
  • Cook V L, Jones Shults J, McDowell M, Campbell N B, Davis J L & Blikslager A T (2008)Attenuation of ischaemic injury in the equine jejunum by administration of systemic lidocaine.Equine Vet J40(4), 353-357PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Derived fromThe Veterinary Formulary.4th edn. Bishop Y (Ed) (1998). British Veterinary Association and Royal Pharmaceutical Society.

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