Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Butorphanol

Contributor(s): Mark Senior

Introduction

Name

  • Butorphanol.

Class of drug

  • Opioid sedative/analgesic.

Uses

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Indications

Particularly useful for visceral pain.

Administration

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Precautions

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Interactions

with other drugs

  • Metoclopramide - antagonism as interacting drugs have opposing effects on gastrointestinal motility.
  • Combination with any other CNS depressant drug - enhanced depressant effects.
  • May reverse effects of mu agnonist opioids, eg pethidine   Pethidine  .

Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references fromPubMed.
  • Benredouane K, Ringer S K, Fourel I, Lepage O M, Portier K G & Bettschart-Wolfensberger R (2011)Comparison of xylazine-butrophanol and xylazine-morphine-ketamine infusions in horses undergoing a standing surgery.Vet Rec169(14), 364PubMed.
  • Love E Jet al(2009)Analgesic effect of butorphanol in ponies following castration.Equine Vet J41(6), 552-556PubMed.
  • Kalpravidh M, Lumb W V, Wright M & Heath R B (1984)Analgesic effects of butorphanol in horses: dose-response studies.Am J Vet Res45(2), 211-216PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Derived fromThe Veterinary Formulary4th edn (1998) Bishop, Y (Ed). British Veterinary Association and Royal Pharmaceutical Society.

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