Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Butorphanol

Contributor(s): Mark Senior

Introduction

Name

  • Butorphanol.

Class of drug

  • Opioid sedative/analgesic.

Uses

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Indications

Particularly useful for visceral pain.

Administration

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Precautions

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Interactions

with other drugs

  • Metoclopramide - antagonism as interacting drugs have opposing effects on gastrointestinal motility.
  • Combination with any other CNS depressant drug - enhanced depressant effects.
  • May reverse effects of mu agnonist opioids, eg pethidine   Pethidine  .

Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Benredouane K, Ringer S K, Fourel I et al (2011) Comparison of xylazine-butrophanol and xylazine-morphine-ketamine infusions in horses undergoing a standing surgery.Vet Rec 169 (14), 364 PubMed.
  • Love E J et al (2009) Analgesic effect of butorphanol in ponies following castration. Equine Vet J 41 (6), 552-556 PubMed.
  • Kalpravidh M, Lumb W V, Wright M & Heath R B (1984) Analgesic effects of butorphanol in horses: dose-response studies. Am J Vet Res 45 (2), 211-216 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Derived from The Veterinary Formulary (1998) 4th edn. Ed: Bishop Y. British Veterinary Association and Royal Pharmaceutical Society.

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