Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Toxicity: overview

Synonym(s): Poisoning

Contributor(s): Steven Gallego, Birgit Puschner, Nicola Bates

Introduction

  • Suspect toxicologic incidents are common presentations to veterinarians.
  • Often most challenging cases due to chronicity, owner vagueness, preconceived owner biases, lack of complete or fresh samples, extant patients, records, lack of nearby toxicology facility.
  • Commonly occur on emergency bases - after hours, emotionally charged.
  • Can have legal, regulatory and as well as public health implications.
  • Can often involve more than one animal, such as a feed- related toxicant within a broodmare facility or athletic team treatment protocol.

Preparation

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Incident response

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Sample/data collection

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Testing

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Follow up

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Dead/dying disposal

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Bates N & Payne J (2017) Risk assessment and risk management of poisoning in farm animals. Livestock 22 (3), 146-149 VetMedResource.
  • Bright S J, Murphy M J, Steinschneider J C, Lovell R A & Post L A (2011) Treatment of animal toxicosis: A regulatory perspective. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 27 (2), 481-512 VetMedResource.
  • Puschner B & Galey F D (2001) Diagnosis and approach to poisoning in the horse. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 17 (3), 399-409 PubMed.
  • Anon (2002) Analytical toxicology. J Equine Vet Sci 22 (9), 388-389.
  • Wickstrom M & Blakley B (2002) Equine toxicosis: investigative strategies and approaches for performance horses. J Equine Vet Sci 22 (9), 383-386 ScienceDirect.
  • Wickstrom M & Blakley B (2002) Equine toxicosis: investigative strategies and approaches for performance horses. Clin Techn in Equine Pract 1 (2), 53-57 ScienceDirect.

Other sources of information

  • Wright R G (2007) How to Investigate Potential Poisonings with Horses. In: Proc 53rd AAEP Annual Convention. pp 547-553.
  • Galey F D (2004) Diagnostic Toxicology. In: Clinical Veterinary Toxicology. Ed: Plumlee K H. Mosby, USA. pp 22-27.

Organisation(s)

  • ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center. Tel: +1 (888) 426-4435; Website: www.aspca.org.
  • Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS). Tel: +44 (0)2073 055 055; Website: www.vpisglobal.com


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