Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Testis: castration - overview

Synonym(s): Orchidectomy, Emasculation, Gelding, Cutting

Contributor(s): David Moll, Graham Munroe, Madeleine L H Campbell

General considerations

  • One of the most commonly performed equine surgical procedures.
  • Complications are common and often lead to litigation.

Print off the Owner factsheet All about castration to give to your clients.

Uses

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Decision taking

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Preparation

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Restraint

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Hodgson C & Pinchbeck G (2019) A prospective multicentre survey of complications associated with equine castration to facilitate clinical audit. Equine Vet J 51 (4), 435-439 PubMed.
  • Owens C D, Hughes K J, Hilbert B J, Heller J, Nielsen S & Trope G D (2018) Survey of equine castration techniques, preferences and outcomes among Australian veterinarians. Aust Vet J 96 (1-2), 39-45 PubMed.
  • Kilcoyne I (2013) Equine castration: A review of techniques, complications and their management. Equine Vet Educ 25 (9), 476-482 WileyOnline.
  • Gracia L A et al (2012) Intra- and post-operative assessment of resterilised LigaSure Atlas vessel sealer devices for orchidectomy in horses. Vet Rec 171 (4), 98 PubMed
  • Tull T M et al (2009) Management and assessment of prognosis after gastrocnemius disruption in Thoroughbred foals: 28 cases (1993-2007). Equine Vet J 41 (6), 541-546 PubMed.
  • Smith L J & Perkins J D (2009) Laparoscopic-assisted castration of a monorchid male pseudohermaphrodite pony. Equine Vet Educ 21 (6), 295-299 VetMedResource.
  • Sinclair M & Valverde A (2009) Short-term anaesthesia with xylazine, diazepa/ketamine for castration in horses under field conditions: Use of intravenous lidocaine. Equine Vet J 41 (2), 149-152 PubMed.
  • Carmalt J L, Shoemaker R W & Wilson D G (2008) Evaluation of common vaginal tunic ligation during field castration in draught colts. Equine Vet J 40 (6), 597-601 PubMed.
  • Jacobsen S et al (2005) Use of serum amyloid A and other acute phase reactants to monitor the inflammatory response after castration in horses: a field study. Equine Vet J 37 (6), 552-556 PubMed.
  • Mason B J, Newton J R, Payne R J & Pilsworth R C (2005) Costs and complications of equine castration: a UK practice-based study comparing 'standing non-sutured' and 'recumbent sutured' techniques. Equine Vet J 37 (5), 468-472 PubMed.
  • Shoemaker R et al (2004) Routine castration in 568 draught colts: incidence of evisceration and omental herniation. Equine Vet J 36 (4), 336-340 PubMed.
  • Moll H D et al (1995) A survey of equine castration complications. J Eq Vet Sci 15, 19-22 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Auer J A & Stick J A (2005) Equine Surgery. W B Saunders, USA. ISBN: 1416001239.


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