Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Teeth: dental disease - overview

Contributor(s): Gordon Baker, Chris Pearce, Bayard A Rucker

Introduction

  • The teeth of all equines function as an integrated system of food preparation.
  • The teeth function to process fibrous food into lengths of 1-3 mm for presentation to the intestinal tract.
  • The  food processor principle is easily disrupted by abnormalities of dental wear   Teeth: abnormal wear  .
  • Abnormalities of eruption, wear and consequential dental disease   →   progressive deterioration of dental disease, eg periodontal disease   →    tooth loss, especially in older horses.
  • Routine dental examination and maintenance/prophylactic procedures are keys to the diagnosis and care of the teeth of horses of all ages.
Print off the Owner factsheets on Caring for the older horse and Dental care to give to your clients.

diseases

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Walker H et al (2012) Prevalence and some clinical characteristics of equine cheek teeth diastemata in 471 horses examined in a UK first-opinion equine practice (2008-2009). Vet Rec 171 (2), 44 PubMed.
  • du Toit N (2012) The problem with equine cheek teeth diastemata. Vet Rec 171 (2), 42-43 (Editorial).
  • Tremaine H & Casey M (2012) A modern approach to equine dentistry 2. Identifying lesions. In Pract 34 (2), 78-89.
  • de Toit N (2011) Aetiology and diagnosis of periapical dental disease in equids. Equine Vet Educ 23 (11), 559-561.
  • Townsend N B et al (2011) Investigation of the sensitivity and specificity of radiological signs for diagnosis of periapical infection of equine cheek teeth. Equine Vet J 43 (2), 170-178 PubMed.
  • Ramzan P H L & Palmer L (2010) Occlusal fissures of the equine cheek tooth: Prevalence, location and association with disease in 91 horses referred for dental investigation. Equine Vet J 42 (2), 124-128 PubMed.
  • Brown S L, Arkins S, Shaw D J & Dixon P M (2008) Occlusal angles of cheek teeth in normal horses and horses with dental disease. Vet Rec 162 (25), 807-810 PubMed.
  • Du Toit N, Gallagher J, Burden F A & Dixon P M (2008) Post mortem survey of dental disorders in 349 donkeys from an aged population (2005-2006). Part 2: Epidemiological studies. Equine Vet J 40 (3), 209-213 PubMed.
  • Du Toit N, Gallagher J, Burden F A & Dixon P M (2008) Post mortem survey of dental disorders in 349 donkeys from an aged population (2005-2006). Part 1: Prevalence of specific dental disorders. Equine Vet J 40 (3), 204-208 PubMed.
  • Townsend N & Barakzai S (2008) Equine dentistry - Diastemata. UK Vet 13 (3), 4-8.
  • Dixon P M, Barakzai S, Collins N & Yates J (2008) Treatment of equine cheek teeth by mechanical widening of diastemata in 60 horses (2000-2006). Equine Vet J 40 (1), 22-28 PubMed.
  • Dixon P M & Dacre I (2005) A review of equine dental disorders. Vet J 169 (2), 165-187 PubMed.
  • Ramzan P H L & Payne R J (2005) Periapical dental infection with nasolacrimal involvement in a horse. Vet Rec 156 (6), 184-185 PubMed.
  • Tremaine W H (2005) Dental endoscopy in the horse. Clin Tech Eq Pract (2), 181-187.
  • Dixon P M, Andrew R, Brannon H et al (2004) Survey of the provision of prophylactic dental care for horses in Great Britain and Ireland between 1999-2002. Vet Rec 155 (22), 693-698 PubMed.
  • Lowder Q & Mueller P O E (1998) Dental disease in geriatric horses. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 14 (2), 365-380 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Scrutchfield W L, Schumacher J & Martin M T (1996) Correction of Abnormalities of Cheek Teeth. In: AAEP Proceedings 42, pp 11-21.
  • Rucker B A (1996) Incisor Procedures for Field Use. In: AAEP Proceedings 42, pp 22-25.


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