Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Teeth: dental disease - overview

Contributor(s): Gordon Baker, Chris Pearce, Bayard A Rucker

Introduction

  • The teeth of all equines function as an integrated system of food preparation.
  • The teeth function to process fibrous food into lengths of 1-3 mm for presentation to the intestinal tract.
  • The  food processor principle is easily disrupted by abnormalities of dental wear   Teeth: abnormal wear  .
  • Abnormalities of eruption, wear and consequential dental disease   →   progressive deterioration of dental disease, eg periodontal disease   →    tooth loss, especially in older horses.
  • Routine dental examination and maintenance/prophylactic procedures are keys to the diagnosis and care of the teeth of horses of all ages.
Print off the Owner factsheets on Caring for the older horse and Dental care to give to your clients.

diseases

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers
  • Recent references fromPubMed.
  • Walker H  et al(2012)Prevalence and some clinical characteristics of equine cheek teeth diastemata in 471 horses examined in a UK first-opinion equine practice (2008-2009). Vet Rec171(2), 44PubMed.
  • du Toit N (2012)The problem with equine cheek teeth diastemata. Vet Rec171(2), 42-43 (Editorial).
  • Tremaine H & Casey M (2012)A modern approach to equine dentistry 2. Identifying lesions. In Pract34(2), 78-89.
  • de Toit N (2011)Aetiology and diagnosis of periapical dental disease in equids. Equine Vet Educ23(11), 559-561.
  • Townsend N B et al(2011)Investigation of the sensitivity and specificity of radiological signs for diagnosis of periapical infection of equine cheek teeth. Equine Vet J43(2), 170-178PubMed.
  • Ramzan P H L & Palmer L (2010)Occlusal fissures of the equine cheek tooth: Prevalence, location and association with disease in 91 horses referred for dental investigation. Equine Vet J42(2), 124-128PubMed.
  • Brown S L, Arkins S, Shaw D J & Dixon P M (2008)Occlusal angles of cheek teeth in normal horses and horses with dental disease. Vet Rec162(25), 807-810PubMed.
  • Du Toit N, Gallagher J, Burden F A & Dixon P M (2008) Post mortemsurvey of dental disorders in 349 donkeys from an aged population (2005-2006). Part 2: Epidemiological studies. Equine Vet J40(3), 209-213PubMed.
  • Du Toit N, Gallagher J, Burden F A & Dixon P M (2008) Post mortemsurvey of dental disorders in 349 donkeys from an aged population (2005-2006). Part 1: Prevalence of specific dental disorders. Equine Vet J40(3), 204-208PubMed.
  • Townsend N & Barakzai S (2008)Equine dentistry - Diastemata. UK Vet13(3), 4-8.
  • Dixon P M, Barakzai S, Collins N & Yates J (2008)Treatment of equine cheek teeth by mechanical widening of diastemata in 60 horses (2000-2006). Equine Vet J40(1), 22-28PubMed.
  • Dixon P M & Dacre I (2005)A review of equine dental disorders. Vet J169(2), 165-187PubMed.
  • Ramzan P H L & Payne R J (2005)Periapical dental infection with nasolacrimal involvement in a horse. Vet Rec156(6), 184-185PubMed.
  • Tremaine W H (2005)Dental endoscopy in the horse. Clin Tech Eq Pract4(2), 181-187.
  • Dixon P M, Andrew R, Brannon H, Burgess R, Gibson A, Little J C, Orange B, Ross L, Rudolph T, Shaw D J (2004)Survey of the provision of prophylactic dental care for horses in Great Britain and Ireland between 1999-2002. Vet Rec155(22), 693-698PubMed.
  • Lowder Q & Mueller P O E (1998)Dental disease in geriatric horses. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract.14(2), 365-380PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Scrutchfield W L, Schumacher J & Martin M T (1996)Correction of Abnormalities of Cheek Teeth.In: AAEP Proceedings.42, pp 11-21.
  • Rucker B A (1996)Incisor Procedures for Field Use. In: AAEP Proceedings.42, pp 22-25.


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