ISSN 2398-2977      

Red Maple (Acer rubrum)

pequis

Synonym(s): Swamp maple, Soft maple


Introduction

  • Red Maple is a common tree in the Eastern North America, and is cultivated in many areas for its striking red leaves in the autumn.
  • Found in forests, along roadsides and hedgerows.
  • Red leaves in the autumn   Red Maple (Acer rubrum) 01  and green leaves in the spring/summer on red stems with a white-silver underside   Red Maple (Acer rubrum) 02  .
  • Smooth, gray bark on young trees; broken, brown bark on old trees.
  • Only Acer rubrumand possibly some of its hybrids have the potential for toxicity.
  • Toxic parts:
    • Wilted/dried leaves (green leaves do not cause toxicity).
  • Only affects horses and other Equids.
  • No specific treatment.
  • Ensure removal of the plant and dried leaves from pastures. Red maples should not be planted in or around horse pastures.
  • Most horses will avoid the plant unless grazing is particularly poor, although wilted/dried leaves may be eaten in the autumn.

Toxicity

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Clinical signs

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Prognosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • McConnico R S & Browne C F (1992) The use of ascorbic acid in the treatment of 2 cases of red maple ( Acer rubrum)-poisoned horses. Cornell Vet 82, 293-300 PubMed.
  • Divers T J et al (1982) Hemolytic anemia in horses after the ingestion of red maple leaves. JAVMA 180, 300-302 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Knight A & Hall J (2004) The 10 Most Dangerous Plants for Horses. Equus 320, 71-81.
  • Knight A P & Walter R G (2001) A Guide to Plant Poisoning of Animals in North America. Teton New Media, USA.
  • Burrows G E & Tyrl R J (2001) Toxic Plants of North America. Iowa State University Press, USA.
  • Allison K (1999) A Guide to Plants Poisonous to Horses. J A Allen & Co Ltd. ISBN: 0851316980.
  • Cooper M R & Johnson A W (1998) Poisonous Plants and Fungi - An Illustrated Guide.The Stationery Office. ISBN: 0112429815.
  • Allison K & Day C (1997) A Guide to Plants Poisonous to Horses. British Association of Holistic Nutrition and Medicine.

Organization(s)

  • Cornell University - Poisonous Plants Informational Database. Website: www.ansci.cornell.edu/plants.
  • Guide to Poisonous Plants. Website: www.southcampus.colostate.edu/poisonous_plants.
  • ToxicologyOnline.com. Website: www.toxonline.com.
  • Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS), London Center, Medical Toxicology Unit, Avonley Road, London SE14 5ER, UK. Tel: +44 (0)20 7635 9195; Fax: +44 (0)20 7771 5309.
  • Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS), Leeds Center, The General Infirmary, Great George Street, Leeds LS1 3EX, UK. Tel: +44 (0)113 245 0530; Fax: +44 (0)113 244 5849.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!