Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Peripheral nerve: trauma

Contributor(s): Steve Adair

Introduction

  • Injury to peripheral nerves is relatively common.
  • Neurapraxia = temporary or partial loss of function.
  • Neurotmesis = permanent loss of function.
  • The effect of loss of sensation and function is variable; for example:
  • Palmar digital neurectomy   Palmar digital nerve: neurectomy  results in loss of sensation to the palmar aspect of the foot, but causes little loss of function.
  • Facial nerve trauma   Facial nerve: trauma    →   distress and secondary signs.
  • Regeneration of peripheral nerves does occur at a rate of about 1 mm/day.
  • Damage to motor nerves easier to assess than damage to sensory nerves.

Cause

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Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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See also

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Simeons P et al (1990) Horner's syndrome in the horse - a clinical, experimental and morphologic study. Equine Vet J Suppl 10, 62-65.
  • Cummings J F, Fubini S L & Todhunter R J (1988) Attempts to prevent equine post neurectomy neuroma formation through retrograde transport of two neurotoxins, doxorubicin and ricin. Equine Vet J 20, 451-456.
  • Fordyce P S et al (1987) Use of an ELISA in the differential diagnosis of cauda equina neuritis and other equine neuropathies. Equine Vet J 19, 55-59.

Other sources of information

  • Adair H S & Andrews F M (1995) Diseases of Peripheral Nerves. In: The Horse-Diseases and Clinical Management. Eds: Kobluk C N, Ames T R & Goer R J. W B Saunders Co.


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