ISSN 2398-2977      

Optic nerve: atrophy

pequis

Synonym(s): Optic nerve atrophy


Etiology

  • Follows traumatic damage to the optic nerve, severe optic neuritis or retinal degeneration :
  • Traumatic optic neuropathy   Optic nerve: neuropathy - trauma  .
  • Optic neuritis   Optic nerve: neuritis  .
  • Ischemic neuroretinopathy .
  • Diffuse choroid or retinal degeneration subsequent to posterior uveitis.
  • Loss of ganglion cells and nerve fiber layer due to direct damage and Wallerian degeneration, eg glaucoma.

Clinical Signs

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Treatment

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Prognosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Krohne S G (1996) Equine ocular emergencies. Equine Pract 18 (2), 15-22.
  • Millichamp N J (1992) Ocular trauma. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract (3), 521-536.
  • Rebhun W C (1992) Retinal and optic nerve diseasesVet Clin North Am Equine Pract (3), 587-608.
  • Matthews A G, Crispin S M & Parker J (1990) The Equine Fundus III: Pathologic variantsEquine Vet J 10, 55-61.
  • Crispin S M, Matthews A G & Parker J (1990) The equine fundus I: Examination, embryology, structure and functionEquine Vet J 10, 42-49.
  • Rebhun W C et al (1986) Traumatic optic neuropathy. How to prevent permanent blindness. Vet Med 81, 350-353.

Other sources of information

  • Brooks D E (1999) Equine Ophthalmology. In: Veterinary Ophthalmology. 3rd edn. Ed: Gelatt K N. Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins. pp 1053-1117.
  • Barnet K C et al (1995) Equine Ophthalmology- color atlas and text. Mosby-Wolfe, UK.
  • Lavach J D (1990) Large animal ophthalmology. The C V Mosby Co, USA.

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