Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Optic nerve: atrophy

Synonym(s): Optic nerve atrophy

Contributor(s): Sheryl Krohne, Graham Munroe

Etiology

  • Follows traumatic damage to the optic nerve, severe optic neuritis or retinal degeneration :
  • Traumatic optic neuropathy   Optic nerve: neuropathy - trauma  .
  • Optic neuritis   Optic nerve: neuritis  .
  • Ischemic neuroretinopathy .
  • Diffuse choroid or retinal degeneration subsequent to posterior uveitis.
  • Loss of ganglion cells and nerve fiber layer due to direct damage and Wallerian degeneration, eg glaucoma.

Clinical Signs

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Treatment

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Prognosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers
  • Krohne S G (1996)Equine ocular emergencies. Equine Pract18(2), 15-22.
  • Millichamp N J (1992)Ocular trauma. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract8(3), 521-536.
  • Rebhun W C (1992)Retinal and optic nerve diseasesVet Clin North Am Equine Pract8(3), 587-608.
  • Matthews A G, Crispin S M & Parker J (1990)The Equine Fundus III: Pathologic variantsEquine Vet J10, 55-61.
  • Crispin S M, Matthews A G & Parker J (1990)The equine fundus I: Examination, embryology, structure and functionEquine Vet J10, 42-49.
  • Rebhun W C et al(1986)Traumatic optic neuropathy. How to prevent permanent blindness. Vet Med81, 350-353.

Other sources of information

  • Brooks D E (1999)Equine Ophthalmology.In Veterinary Ophthalmology3rd Ed Gelatt K N (ed) Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins pp 1053-1117.
  • Barnet K C et al(1995)Equine Ophthalmology- color atlas and text.Mosby-Wolfe, London.
  • Lavach J D (1990)Large animal ophthalmologyThe C V Mosby Co, St Louis, Missouri.


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