Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Nutrition: parenteral

Contributor(s): Gayle Hallowell, Diana M Hassel, Vetstream Ltd, Jarred Williams

Introduction

  • Parenteral nutrition is affordable way of providing nutrition to both foals Nutrition: neonate and adults Nutrition: adult.
  • It can be used when enteral feeding is not possible, or in conjunction with enteral feeding.
  • In foals this would include perinatal asphyxia syndrome, any patient that is refluxing, regardless of their primary condition, those with botulism and dysphagia, and those needing pharyngeal rest, such as those that had surgery to correct a cleft palate.
  • In adults it may be indicated in horses with esophageal disease, in colic patients Abdomen: pain - adult with ileus Gastrointestinal: ileus that are refluxing, those that are unable to eat due to oral disease, such as a mandibular fracture, or those with dysphagia for any reason.
  • By definition, parenteral nutrition is any nutrition provided through an intravenous route that is composed of one or more of the three foundations of nutrition: fat (intravenous lipid), protein (amino acids), and carbohydrate (dextrose).
See Parenteral fluids comparison table.

Usage

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Procedure

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Monitoring

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Complications

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Conclusions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Magdesian K G (2010) Parenteral nutrition in the mature horse. Equine Vet Educ 22 (7), 364-371.
  • Krause J B & McKenzie 3rd H C (2007) Parenteral nutrition in foals: a retrospective study of 45 cases (2000-2004). Equine Vet J 39 (1), 74078 PubMed.
  • Durham A E (2006) Clinical of parenteral nutrition in the treatment of five ponies and one donkey with hyperlipemia. Vet Rec 158, 159-164 PubMed.
  • Durham A E, Phillips T J, Walmsley J P & Newton J R (2003) Study of the clinical effects of postoperative parenteral nutrition in 15 horses. Vet Rec 153, 493-498 PubMed.
  • Magdesian K G (2003) Nutrition for critical gastrointestinal illness: feeding horses with diarrhea or colic. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 19, 617-644 PubMed.
  • Ralston S L (1990) Clinical nutrition in adult horses. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 6, 339.

Other sources of information

  • Corley K & Stephen J (2008) The Equine Hospital Manual. Blackwell Publishing, USA.
  • Koterba A M (1990) Ed. Equine Clinical Neonatology. Lea & Febiger, USA.


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