Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Nightshade

Synonym(s): Deadly nightshade, Atropa belladonna, Bittersweet woody nightshade, Solanum dulcamara, Black nightshade, Solanum nigrum, Horse nettle

Contributor(s): Alexander Campbell, Wilson Rumbeiha, Vetstream Ltd

Introduction

  • Deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna) Deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna):
    • A coarse herb with a thick root.
    • Branches stems 60-150 cm.
    • Leaves: ovate and alternatively inserted.
    • Flowers: solitary 2.5 cm long with 5 blunt points and dull purple color.
    • Fruit: purple-black berry.
  • Bittersweet woody nightshade (Solanum dulcamara):
    • Found in hedges, woods and waste ground, is rarely eaten because of its objectionable taste.
    • Plant found in hedges, wet woodlands and clearings.
    • Grows to 2 m.
    • Leaves: oval-triangular, often heart shaped. 1 or 2 lobes.
    • Flowers: 4-10 white flowers on each stalk, 1.5-2.5 cm long, flowering from June-September.
    • Fruit: bright red berry.
  • Black nightshade (Solanum nigrum):
    • A hairy plant growing to 60 cm tall with a round, smooth stem.
    • Leaves: oval to triangular, toothed and stalked.
    • Flowering season: Jun-Oct.
    • Fruit: black berry.

 Geographical distribution

  • Worldwide.

Toxicity

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Clinical signs

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Other sources of information

  • Allison K (1999) A Guide to Plants Poisonous to Horses. J A Allen & Co Ltd. ISBN 0851316980.
  • Burrows G E & Tyrl R J (2001) Toxic Plants of North America. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa.
  • Allison K & Day C (1997) A Guide to Plants Poisonous to Horses. British Association of Holistic Nutrition and Medicine.
  • Cooper M R & Johnson A W (1998) Poisonous Plants and Fungi - An Illustrated Guide. The Stationery Office. ISBN 0112429815.

Organization(s)

  • Cornell University - Poisonous Plants Informational Database. Website: www.ansci.cornell.edu/plants.
  • ToxicologyOnline.com. Website: www.toxonline.com.
  • Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS), London Center, Medical Toxicology Unit, Avonley Road, London SE14 5ER, UK. Tel: +44 (0)20 7635 9195; Fax: +44 (0)20 7771 5309.
  • Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS), Leeds Center, The General Infirmary, Great George Street, Leeds LS1 3EX, UK. Tel: +44 (0)113 245 0530; Fax: +44 (0)113 244 5849.


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