ISSN 2398-2977      

Kidney: disease - overview

pequis

Synonym(s): Renal disease


Physiology of kidneys

Function

Kidney disease

  • Kidney disease can be arbitrarily divided into pre-renal, renal (intrinsic), and post renal categories.

Etiology of pre-renal disease

  • Diminished glomerular filtration due to renal hypoperfusion (occurs in a variety of hypovolemic conditions).
  • Renal hypoperfusion can also lead to direct renal parenchymal damage (true renal or intrinsic renal disease) due to ischemic insult to nephrons.

Etiology of renal (intrinsic) disease

Etiology of post-renal disease

Pathogenesis

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Kidney disease

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Clinical signs

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Schott H C (2007) Urinary tract disordersVet Clin North Am Eq Pract 23, 3.
  • Alward A, Corriher C A et al (2006) Red maple leaf toxicity in horses; a retrospective study of 32 cases. J Vet Intern Med 20, 1197-1201 PubMed.
  • Divers T J & Yeager A E (1995) The value of ultrasonographic examination in the diagnosis and management of renal disease in horses. Equine Vet Educ (6), 334-341.
  • Matthews H K, Andrews F M et al (1992) Comparison of standard and radionuclide methods for measurement of glomerular filtration rate and effective renal blood flow in female horses. Am J Vet Res 53 (9), 1612-1616 PubMed.
  • Ehnen S J, Divers T J et al (1990) Obstructive nephrolithiasis and ureterolithiasis associated with chronic renal failure in horses: eight cases (1981-1987). JAVMA 197 (2), 249-253 PubMed
  • Divers T J, Whitlock R H et al (1987) Acute renal failure in six horses resulting from hemodynamic causes. Equine Vet J 19, 178-184 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Carr A E (2003) Examination of the Urinary System. In: Current Therapy in Equine Medicine. 5th edn. Ed: Robinson N E. Saunders, USA. pp 819-824. 
  • Schott H C, Patterson K S et al (1997) Chronic Renal Failure in 99 Horses. In: Proc 43rd AAEP Convention. pp 345-356.

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