Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Intravenous catheterization: catheters - overview

Contributor(s): Louise Clarke, Nicola Menzies-Gow, Mark Senior

Indications for IV catheterization

Anesthesia

  • All horses undergoing general anesthesia   Anesthesia: general - overview  should have a secure intravenous catheter placed to allow safe administration of intravenous anesthetic agents* and to allow rapid venous access in an emergency.

*Some intravenous anesthetic agents can be extremely irritant if administered extra-vascularly, eg thiopental   Thiopental  , guaiphenesin   Guaifenesin  .

Administration of IV fluids  Anesthesia: intravenous (IV) 

  • Crystalloids.
  • Synthetic colloids.
  • Blood.
  • Plasma.
  • Total parenteral nutrition (TPN).

Administration of IV drugs/agents

Common sites for placement of IV catheters

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Catheter maintenance

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Types of catheter

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Complications

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Barakzai S & Chandler K (2003) Use of indwelling intravenous catheters in the horse. In Pract 25 (5), 264-271 VetMedResource.
  • Little D, Keene B W, Bruton C, Smith L J, Powell S & Jones S L (2002) Percutaneous retrieval of a jugular catheter fragment from the pulmonary artery of a foal. JAVMA 220 (2), 212-214 PubMed.
  • Lankyeld D P, Ensink J M, van Dijk P & Klein W R (2001) Factors influencing the occurrence of thrombophlebitis after post-surgical long-term intravenous catheterization of colic horses: a study of 38 cases. J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 48 (9), 545-552 PubMed.
  • Traub-Dargatz J L & Dargatz D A (1994) A retrospective study of vein thrombosis in horses treated with intravenous fluids in a veterinary teaching hospital. J Vet Intern Med (4), 264-266 PubMed.
  • Ettlinger J J, Palmer J E, & Benson C (1992) Bacteria found on intravenous catheters removed from horses. Vet Rec 130, 248-249 PubMed.
  • Gardner S Y, Reef V B & Spencer P A (1991) Ultrasonographic evaluation of horses with thrombophlebitis of the jugular vein: 46 cases (1985-1988). JAVMA 199 (3), 370-373 PubMed.
  • Spurlock S L, Spurlock G H, Parker G & Ward M V (1990) Long-termjugular vein catheterization in horses. JAVMA 196 (3), 425-430 PubMed.
  • Freestone J F, Thomas W P, Carlson G P & Brumbaugh G W (1987) Idiopathic effusive pericarditis with tamponade in the horse. Equine Vet J19 (1), 38-42 PubMed.


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