ISSN 2398-2977      

Foal: resuscitation and care

pequis

Significance

Introduction

  • Foals may need immediate systemic resuscitation most commonly for septicemia, hypovolemia, hypoglycemia, hypothermia, hyperkalemia and hypoxemia.
  • Underlying conditions leading to problems needing immediate attention include, but are not limited to, neonatal maladjustment syndrome Foal: neonatal maladjustment syndrome, ruptured bladder Bladder: rupture, prematurity Reproduction: prematurity / dysmaturity, septicemia Foal: neonatal septicemia syndrome, failure of passive transfer of maternal IgG Foal: failure of passive transfer (IgG), aspiration pneumonia, and neonatal isoerthrolysis, require intensive clinical care for survival.
  • A thorough clinical work-up with complete history and physical examination Foal: evaluation - neonate is essential to assess problems, underlying conditions, treatment plans and prognosis.
  • Emergency treatment should be initiated at the earliest possible time, eg oxygen administration via nasal catheter, fluid therapy where appropriate, antimicrobial therapy, anti-convulsants for seizure activity, electrolyte/acid-base corrections, etc.

Presentation

Cost

  • Fatalities are expensive especially in the thoroughbred industry.
  • Nursing and supportive therapy are intensive with 24 h supervision required in moderate to severe cases. Fluid therapy, nutritional support, and antimicrobial therapy are most frequently required, and in certain cases respiratory support may be warranted.
  • The cost of treatment can be significant.

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Prevention

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Consequences

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Haga H A, Risberg A & Strand E (2011) Resuscitation of an anaesthetised foal with uroperitoneum. Equine Vet Educ 23 (10), 502-507 WileyOnline.
  • Corley K T & Furr M O (2000) Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in newborn foals. Comp Cont Educ Pract Vet 22 (10), 957-966.

Other sources of information

  • Orsini J A & Divers T J (2014) Equine Emergencies. Elsevier-Saunders, USA.
  • Reed S M, Bayly W M & Sellon D C (2009) Equine Internal Medicine. 4th edn. Elsevier-Saunders, USA.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!