Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Critical care: monitoring - neonate

Contributor(s): Regula Bettschart, Gayle Hallowell, Mark Senior, Elena Wawra, Nicola Menzies-Gow

General concepts

  • Normal newborn care.
  • Intermediate care.
  • Intensive care.
  • Low dependency care involving short-term moderate illness.
  • High dependency care involving continuing observatory and support of vital function (referral center).
  • The level of intensive care that can be achieved will depend on the facilities available.
  • For critical care management of foals suitable drugs, fluids and fluid pumps, intravenous and urinary catheters, ability to perform measurement of blood pressure (either direct or indirect), ability to provide intranasal oxygen and the expertise and suitable 24 h nursing care must be available.

If these are not available early referral will be necessary.

Monitoring

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Basic monitoring

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Monitoring required for the sick neonate

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • McSloy A (2009) Identification and management of the sick neonatal foal. UK Vet 14 (1), 9-14 VetMedResource.
  • Corley K T & Furr M (2003) Evaluation of a score designed to predict sepsis in foals. J Vet Emerg Crit Care 13 (3), 149-155 VetMedResource.
  • Brewer B D & Koterba A M (1988) Development of a scoring system for the early diagnosis of equine neonatal sepsis. Equine Vet J 20 (1), 18-22 PubMed.
  • Baker S & Drummond W (1986) Follow up evaluation of horses after neonatal intensive care. JAVMA 189 (11), 1454-1457 PubMed.
  • Rossdale P D (1985) Sir Frederick Hobday memorial lecture Part 2: Concepts of critical care in the newborn foal. Equine Vet J 17 (5), 343-353 PubMed.


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