Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Cleveland Bay

Contributor(s): Bob Langrish, Vetstream Ltd


  • Warmblood.


  • Cleveland Bay   Cleveland Bay  .

General information

  • Probably the oldest British breed of horse.
  • Originally from Yorkshire, UK.
  • Thriving studs in Japan, Pakistan, USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
  • Went into decline after World War II.
  • Powerful and versatile.
  • Long-lived.
  • Excels as a carriage horse.
  • Calm and sensible nature.
  • Intelligent.
  • The Cleveland Bay horse is in Category 1 ('critical') on the Rare Breeds Survival Trust (RBST) Rare Breeds Watch List, officially classifying it as one of the most rare breeds in the UK, with numbers <300. This is based on the number of registered breeding females in the UK.
  • Visit the RBST website to view their full Watch List 2014 -  https://www.rbst.org.uk/watchlist-2014.pdf . 


  • Native Chapman Horse   →   Thoroughbred   Thoroughbred  .

Principal uses

  • Driving.
  • Hunting.
  • Competition.


  • Registered.

Biologic Data

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Further Reading


Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Hendricks B L (1995) International Encyclopedia of Horse Breeds. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 8-8061-2753-8.
  • Ball C (1994) Horse and Pony Breeds. Quintet Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-85076-500-6.
  • Hartley Edwards E (1994) The Encyclopedia of the Horse. Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 1-7513-011-59.


  • British Horse Society, British Equestrian Center, Stoneleigh, Kenilworth, Warwickshire CV8 2LR, UK.
  • Cleveland Bay Horse Society, York Livestock Center, Murton, York YO1 3UF, UK.