Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum)

Synonym(s): Brake fern, Pteris aquilina, Bracken

Contributor(s): Alexander Campbell, Wilson Rumbeiha, Vetstream Ltd

Introduction

  • Bracken fern Bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum) is a typical fern found on hilly or moorland ground.
  • Leaves:
    • Large triangular fronds divided into 3 main parts with each part subdivided.
    • Fronds: 60-180 cm long by 30-90 cm wide.
    • Erect.
    • Rigid.
    • Straw-colored.
    • Smooth stalks.
  • Stalks rise at intervals from stout black underground rootstocks sometimes 1 m or more long.
  • Spores are borne in late summer.
  • The rootstocks also spread the fern.

Geographical distribution

  • Worldwide.

Toxicity

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Clinical signs

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Other sources of information

  • Burrows G E & Tyrl R J (2001) Toxic Plants of North America. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa.
  • Allison K (1999) A Guide to Plants Poisonous to Horses. J A Allen & Co Ltd. ISBN 0851316980.
  • Cooper M R & Johnson A W (1998) Poisonous Plants and Fungi - An Illustrated Guide. The Stationery Office. ISBN 0112429815.
  • Allison K & Day C (1997) A Guide to Plants Poisonous to Horses. British Association of Holistic Nutrition and Medicine.

Organization(s)

  • Cornell University - Poisonous Plants Informational Database. Website: www.ansci.cornell.edu/plants.
  • ToxicologyOnline.com. Website: www.toxonline.com.
  • Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS), London Center, Medical Toxicology Unit, Avonley Road, London SE14 5ER, UK. Tel: +44 (0)20 7635 9195; Fax: +44 (0)20 7771 5309.
  • Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS), Leeds Center, The General Infirmary, Great George Street, Leeds LS1 3EX, UK. Tel: +44 (0)113 245 0530; Fax: +44 (0)113 244 5849.


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