Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Bone: grafting

Contributor(s): Carl Kirker-Head, Graham Munroe

Introduction

  • Roles:
  • Osteogenesis, osteoinduction and osteoconduction.
  • Mechanical support.
  • To replace bone lost as a result of:
  • Types:
  • Autogenous - graft taken from one site and applied to another site within the same animal; superior to other types; abundant sources in the horse.
  • Fresh cancellous bone grafts are the most commonly used.
  • Sources:

Biology of bone grafts

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Cancellous bone grafts

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Cortical bone grafts

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Vascularized bone grafts

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Other techniques

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Kold S E & Killingbeck J M (1998) The use of autogenous cancellous bone cysts in the distal phalanges, three cases. Equine Vet Educ 10 (6) 307-312.
  • O'Reilly J L et al (1998) Treatment of a chronic comminuted fracture of the fibula in a horse. JAVMA 212 (3), 396-398 PubMed.
  • Cassotis N J et al (1997) Use of full cortical allographt to repair a metatarsal fracture in a foal. JAVMA 211 (9), 1155-1157 PubMed.
  • Honnas C M et al (1995) Use of autogenous cancellous bone grafting in the treatment of septic navicular bursitis and distal sesamoid osteomyelitis in horses. JAVMA 206 (8), 1191-1194 PubMed.
  • Hanie E A et al (1992) Comparions of two grafting methods in a 4.0 mm drill defects in the third metacarpal bone of horses. Equine Vet J 24 (4), 387-390 PubMed.
  • Jackman B R et al (1992) Treatment of a mandibular bone cyst by use of a corticocancellous bone graft in a horse. JAVMA 201 (6), 892-894 PubMed.
  • Henninger R W et al (1991) Lag screw and cancellous bone graft fixation of transverse proximal sesamoid bone fractures in 15 horses. JAVMA 199 (5), 606-612 PubMed.
  • Boero M J et al (1989) Evaluation of the tibia as a source of autogenous cancellous bone in the horse. Vet Surg 18 (4), 322-327 PubMed.
  • Kold SE, Hickman J (1984) Results of treatment of subchondral bone cysts in the medial condyle of the equine femur with an autogenous cancellous bone graft. Equine Vet J 16 (5), 414-418 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Markel, M (1996) Bone grafts and bone substitutes. In: Equine Fracture Repair. Ed: A J Nixon. W B Saunders, USA. ISBN 0 7216 6754 6.


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