Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Anesthesia: premedication - overview

Contributor(s): Dennis R Gieser, Craig Johnson, G Mark Johnston, Mark Senior, Vetstream Ltd

Introduction

  • The aim of premedication is to provide good patient co-operation, analgesia and muscle relaxation, without excessive adverse cardiopulmonary effects and to reduce anxiety, improve induction and reduce the dose required for induction.
  • A combination of sedatives, tranquilizers and analgesics   Anesthesia: analgesia - overview  is usually used (but depends upon individual case).

Tranquilizers

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Sedative hypnotics

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Opioid agonists and mixed agonist-antagonists

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Neuroleptanalgesia

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Freeman S L & England G C W (2000) Investigation of romifidine and detomidine for the clinical sedation of horses. Vet Rec 147, 507-511 PubMed.
  • Freeman S L et al (2000) Cardiopulmonary effects of romifidine and detomidine used as premedicants for ketamine/halothane anaesthesia in ponies. Vet Rec 147, 535-539 PubMed.
  • Muir W W (1998) Anaesthesia and pain management in horses. Equine Vet Educ 10 (6), 335-340.
  • Geiser D R (1990) Chemical restraint and analgesia in the horse. Vet Clin North Am (3), 495-503 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Holland M (1990) Preanesthetic Medication and Chemical Restraint. Current Practice of Equine Surgery. Eds: N A White & J N Moore. J B Lippincott Co, USA. pp 59-64.
  • Hall L W & Clarke K W (1983) Veterinary Anesthesia. 8th edn. Bailliere Tindall, UK.
  • Brander G C, Pugh G M & Bywater R J (1982) Veterinary Applied Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 4th edn. Bailliere Tindall, UK.


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