Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Anesthesia: premedication - overview

Contributor(s): Dennis R Gieser, Craig Johnson, G Mark Johnston, Mark Senior, Vetstream Ltd

Introduction

  • The aim of premedication is to provide good patient co-operation, analgesia and muscle relaxation, without excessive adverse cardiopulmonary effects and to reduce anxiety, improve induction and reduce the dose required for induction.
  • A combination of sedatives, tranquilizers and analgesics   Anesthesia: analgesia - overview  is usually used (but depends upon individual case).

Tranquilizers

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Sedative hypnotics

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Opioid agonists and mixed agonist-antagonists

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Neuroleptanalgesia

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers
  • Recent references fromPubMed.
  • Freeman S L & England G C W (2000)Investigation of romifidine and detomidine for the clinical sedation of horses. Vet Rec147, 507-511PubMed.
  • Freeman S L et al(2000)Cardiopulmonary effects of romifidine and detomidine used as premedicants for ketamine/halothane anaesthesia in ponies. Vet Rec147, 535-539PubMed.
  • Muir W W (1998)Anaesthesia and pain management in horses. Equine Vet Educ10(6), 335-340.
  • Geiser D R (1990)Chemical restraint and analgesia in the horse. Vet Clin North Am6(3), 495-503PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Holland M (1990)Preanesthetic Medication and Chemical Restraint. Current Practice of Equine Surgery. Eds: N A White & J N Moore. J B Lippincott Co, Philadelphia. pp 59-64.
  • Hall L W & Clarke K W (1983)Veterinary Anesthesia.8th edn. Bailliere Tindall, London.
  • Brander G C, Pugh G M & Bywater R J (1982)Veterinary Applied Pharmacology and Therapeutics.4th edn. Bailliere Tindall, London.


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