ISSN 2398-2977      

Abdomen: pain - risk factors

pequis

Synonym(s): Risk factors for colic


Introduction

  • Epidemiological studies have been conducted in horses to identify risk factors associated with colic   Abdomen: pain - adult  .
  • Knowledge of these risk factors may be helpful, in addition to clinical examination, when deciding what is the underlying cause/lesion causing colic.
  • Identification of alterable factors may enable us to potentially reduce the chances of colic occurring, eg avoiding certain management factors known to place horses at increased risk of suffering colic.

Definitions

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Risk factors for colic in general

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Risk factors for specific types of colic

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Conclusions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Scantlebury C E et al (2015) Management and horse-level risk factors for recurrent colic in the UK general equine practice population. Equine Vet J 47, 202-206 PubMed.
  • Archer D C et al (2008) Risk factors for epiploic foramen entrapment colic in a UK horse population: A prospective case-control study. Equine Vet J 40 (4), 405-410 PubMed.
  • Coomer R (2007) Colic Part 1: History, pain and analgesics. UK Vet 12 (2), 5-10 VetMedResource.
  • Archer D C & Proudman C J (2006) Epidemiological clues to preventing colic. Vet J in press PubMed.
  • Weese J S & Rousseau J (2005) Evaluation of Lactobacillus pentosus WE7 for the prevention of diarrhoea in neonatal foals. JAVMA 226 (12), 2031-2034 PubMed.
  • Archer D C, Freeman D E, Doyle A J, Proudman C J & Edwards G B (2004a) Association between cribbing and entrapment of the small intestine in the epiploic foramen in horses: 68 cases (1991-2001). JAVMA 224 (4), 562-564 PubMed.
  • Archer D C, Proudman C J, Pinchbeck G, Smith J E & Edwards G B (2004b) Entrapment of the small intestine in the epiploic foramen in the horse: retrospective analysis of 71 cases (1991-2001). Vet Rec 155, 793-797 PubMed.
  • McCarthy H E, French N P, Edwards G B, Miller K & Proudman C J (2004b) Why are certain premises at increased risk of equine grass sickness? A matched case-control study. Equine Vet J 36, 130-134 PubMed
  • Newton J R, Hedderson E J, Adams V J, McGorum B C, Proudman C J & Wood J L N (2004) An epidemiological study of risk factors associated with the recurrence of equine grass sickness (dysautonomia) on previously affected premises. Equine Vet J 36, 105-112 PubMed
  • Cohen N D (2003) The John Hickman memorial lecture: colic by numbers. Equine Vet J 35 (4), 343-439 PubMed.
  • Goncalves S, Julliand V & Leblonde A (2002) Risk factors associated with colic in horses. Vet Res 33, 641-652 PubMed.
  • Hillyer M H, Taylor F G, Proudman C J, Edwards G B, Smith J E & French N P (2002) Case control study to identify risk factors for simple colonic obstruction and distension colic in horses. Equine Vet J 34, 455-463 PubMed.
  • Little D & Blikslager A T (2002) Factors associated with development of ileal impaction in horses with surgical colic: 78 cases (1986-2000). Equine Vet J 34, 464-468 PubMed.
  • Freeman D E & Schaeffer D J (2001) Age distributions of horses with strangulation of the small intestine by lipoma of in the epiploic foramen: 46 cases (1994-2000). JAVMA 219, 87-89 PubMed.
  • Hillyer M H, Taylor F G & French N P (2001) A cross-sectional study of colic in horses on thoroughbred training premises in the British Isles in 1997. Equine Vet J 33, 380-385 PubMed.
  • Hudson J M et al (2001) Feeding practices associated with colic in horses. JAVMA 219 (10), 1419-1425 PubMed.
  • Traub-Dargatz J L et al (2001) Estimate of the national incidence of and operation-level risk factors for colic among horses in the United States, spring 1998 to spring 1999. JAVMA 219, 67-71 PubMed.
  • Cohen N D, Vontur C A & Rakestraw P C (2000) Risk factors for enterolithiasis among horses in Texas. JAVMA 216 (11), 1787-1794 PubMed.
  • Hassel D M, Langer D L, Snyder J R, Drake C M, Goodell M L & Wyle A (1999) Evaluation of enterolithiasis in equids: 900 cases (1973-1996). JAVMA 15, 233-237 PubMed.
  • Proudman C J, French N P & Trees A J (1998) Tapeworm infection is a significant risk factor for spasmodic colic and ileal impaction colic in the horse. Equine Vet J 30, 194-199 PubMed.
  • Cohen N D (1997) Epidemiology of colic. Vet Clin North Am Eq Pract13, 191-201PubMed.
  • Reeves M J (1997) What really causes colic in horses? Epidemiology's role in elucidating the ultimate multifactorial disease. Equine Vet J 29 (6), 413-414 PubMed.
  • Tinker M K et al (1997) Prospective study of Equine colic risk factors. Equine Vet J 29 (6), 454-458 PubMed.
  • Cohen N D & Peloso J G (1996) Risk factors for history of previous colic and for chronic, intermittent colic in a popoulation of horses. JAVMA 208, 697-703 PubMed.
  • Cohen N D et al (1995) Case-control study of the association between various management factors and development of colic in horses. JAVMA 206 (5), 667-673 PubMed.
  • Morris D D et al (1989) Comparison of age, sex, breed, history and management in 229 horses with colic. Equine Vet J Suppl 7, 129-132 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Cohen N & Gibbs P (1999) Dietary and Other Management Factors Associated with Equine Colic. In: Proc AAEP Ann Conv 45. pp 96-98.
  • Love S (1997) Clinical Aspects of Equine Intestinal Parasitism in 5th Geneva Congress Equine Medicine and Surgery ed Medecine et Hygiene. pp 77-80.
  • White N A (1997) Risk-Ractors Associated with Colic. In: Current Therapy in Equine Medicine. 4th edn. Ed: Robinson N E. pp 174-179.

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