ISSN 2398-2977      

Tarsus: osteoarthritis (bone spavin)

pequis

Synonym(s): Bone spavin


Introduction

Print off the Owner factsheet on Osteoarthritis - the facts to give to your clients.

Pathogenesis

Predisposing factors

General
  • Horses ridden hard at gallop, jumping horses, Western horses (used for reining, roping and cutting).

Specific

  • Icelandic horses or 'toelter' horse.

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Lamas L P et al (2012) Use of ethanol in the treatment of distal tarsal joint osteoarthritis: 24 cases. Equine Vet J 44 (4), 399-403 PubMed.
  • Gough M R, Thibaud D & Smith R K W (2010) Tiludronate infusion in the treatment of bone spavin: A double blind placebo-controlled trial. Equine Vet J 42 (5), 381-387 PubMed.
  • Byam-Cook K L & Singer E R (2009) Is there a relationship between clinical presentation, diagnostic and radiographic findings and outcome in horses with osteoarthritis of the small tarsal joints? Equine Vet J 41 (2), 118-123 PubMed.
  • Labens R, Mellor D J, & Voute L C (2007) Retrospective study of the effect of intra-articular treatment of osteoarthritis of the distal tarsal joints in 51 horses. Vet Rec 161 (18), 611-616 PubMed.
  • Clegg P (2006) Conditions of the equine tarsal joints. UK Vet 11 (7), 6-12 VetMedResource.
  • Taylor S E et al (2006) Cartilage oligomeric matrix protein and hyaluronan levels in synovial fluid from horses with osteoarthritis of the tarsometatarsal joint compared to a control population. Equine Vet J 38 (6), 502-507 PubMed.
  • Dechant J E et al (2003) Use of a three-drill-tract technique for arthrodesis of the distal tarsal joints in horses with distal tarsal osteoarthritis: 54 cases (1990-1999). JAVMA 223 (12), 1800-1805 PubMed.
  • Kidd J A, Fuller C & Barr A R S (2001) Osteoarthritis in the horse. Equine Vet Educ 13 (3), 160-168 VetMedResource.
  • Bjornsdottir S et al (2000) Radiographic and clinical survey of degenerative joint disease in the distal tarsal joints in Icelandic horses. Equine Vet J 32, 268-272 PubMed.
  • Platt D (1997) Review of current methods available for the treatment of bone spavin. Equine Vet Educ (5), 258-264 VetMedResource.
  • Sammut E B & Kannegieter N J (1995) Use of sodium monoiodoacetate to fuse the distal hock joints in horses. Aust Vet J 72 (1), 25-28 PubMed.
  • Watrous B J, Hultgren B D & Wagner P C (1991) Osteochondrosis and juvenile spavin in equids. Am J Vet Res 52 (4), 607-612 PubMed.
  • Wyn-Jones G & May S A (1986) Surgical arthrodesis for the treatment of osteoarthrosis of the proximal intertarsal, distal intertarsal and tarsometatarsal joints in 30 horses - a comparison of four different techniques. Equine Vet J 18 (1), 59-64 PubMed.
  • Hartung K, Munzer B & Keller H (1983) Radiologic evaluation of spavin in young trotters. Vet Radiol 24 (4), 153-155 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Bohanon T C (1999) The Tarsus. In: Equine SurgeryEds J A Aver & J A Stick. W B Saunders Co, USA. pp 865-860.
  • Moyer W, Brokken T D & Raker C W (1983) Bone spavin in Thoroughbred racehorses. In: Proceedings of the AAEP. pp 81-87.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!