Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Talocalcaneal joint: disease - overview

Contributor(s): Stephen Adams, Graham Munroe

Introduction

Pathogenesis

Etiology

Trauma

  • Subluxation of the talocalcaneal joint is an uncommon condition caused by extreme trauma, eg severe wrench or twisting action during fall, kick, leg entrapment   Tarsus: luxation  .
  • Talus fracture   Tarsus: fracture  . 
  • Subchondral radiolucency in the bone of the talus   Bone: osseous cyst-like lesions  .

Infectious

Immune-mediated

Multifactorial

Predisposing factors

General

Pathophysiology

  • The talocalcaneal joint is the articulation between the talus and calcaneus in the tarsus.
  • The proximal part of the proximal intertarsal synovial joint capsule (compartment) lines the talus and calcaneus articulation.
  • This joint capsule communicates cranially with the tarsocrural joint.
  • Numerous short ligaments stabilise the talocalcaneal joint along with the rest of the tarsus.
  • See Joint: synovial pathobiology   Joint: synovial pathobiology  .

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Smith R K W (2006)Diagnosis and Management of Osteoarthritis of the Talocalcaneal Joint.In:Handbook of Presentations & Free Communications. BEVA Congress 2006. BEVA, Fordham, Cambs. pp 39.
  • Dabareiner R M, Carter G K & Dyson S J (2003)Articular diseases of the Tarsus.In:Diagnosis & Management of Lameness in the Horse. Eds: Ross M W & Dyson S J. Saunders, Missouri. pp 440-444.


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