Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Stifle: trauma - collateral ligament

Contributor(s): Stephen Adams, Graham Munroe, Chris Whitton

Introduction

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Trauma.

Pathophysiology

  • Acute trauma usually involving lateral or medial force on the joint or distal limb resulting in desmitis and/or rupture.
  • Severe injuries often in conjunction with meniscal    Stifle: trauma - meniscal  , articular cartilage and/or cruciate ligament    Stifle: trauma - cruciate ligament  injury.
  • Degenerative changes in ligaments.
  • Medial collateral ligament injury more common than lateral.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Reardon R & Lischer C (2008)Diagnosis and management of acute stifle injury in adult horses.In Pract30(8), 426-433 VetMedResource.
  • Latimer F Get al(2000)Stifle disease in horses.Comp Cont Educ Pract Vet22(4), 381-390 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • McIlwraith C W, Nixon A J, Wright I M & Boening K J (2005)Arthroscopic Surgery of the Medial Femorotibial Joint.In:Diagnostic & Surgical Arthroscopy in the Horse.3rd edn. Mosby, Philadelphia. pp 756-759.
  • Walmsley J P (2003)The Stifle.In:Diagnosis & Management of Lameness in the Horse. Eds: Ross M W & Dyson S J. Saunders, Missouri. pp 463-464.


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