Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Semen: bacteriospermia

Contributor(s): Sarah Binns, Jean Pierre Held, Rob Lofstedt, Graham Munroe, Elaine Watson

Introduction

  • Bacteria found in semen are often contaminants; these must be differentiated from pathogens.
  • Cause: many potential agents, includingTaylorella equigenitalis,Streptococcus zooepidemicus,Klebsiella pneumoniae.
  • Signs: subclinical infection unless specific infection of reproductive tract.
  • Diagnosis: microbiologic examination of swabs and ejaculate; identification of site of infection.
  • Treatment: rest from mating, antimicrobials, specific treatments for reproductive tract infections.
  • Prognosis: fair, depending on organism and site of infection.
  • Management: use of semen extender containing antimicrobials.

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

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