ISSN 2398-2977      

Scrotum: trauma

pequis

Introduction

  • Cause: most commonly a kick during mating.
  • Signs: scrotal edema and hemorrhage, orchitis, secondary bacterial infection.
  • Diagnosis: history and clinical signs.
  • Treatment: surgical closure of wounds.
  • Prognosis: temporary or permanent effect on fertility.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Kicks during mating.
  • Jumping over hedges and fences.
  • Fighting.

Predisposing factors

General
  • Poor restraint of mare during mating.

Pathophysiology

  • Trauma to scrotum   →   scrotal and preputial edema, scrotal hemorrhage, elevated scrotal temperature, pain, hematocoele formation or rupture of the tunica albuginea (often leads to testicular hematoma   Testis: hematoma  ).
  • Damage involving the vaginal processes may lead to adhesions particularly if hematocele occurs.
  • May be associated with enlargement of testis and orchitis   Testis: orchitis - bacterial  .
  • Trauma to scrotum may result in epididymal duct blockage   →   ejaculation of sperm-free seminal fluid .
  • Puncture wounds or lacerations of the scrotum cause additional problems especially if secondarily infected by bacteria.
  • If wounds penetrates lumen of vaginal process   →   peritonitis   Abdomen: peritonitis  .
  • Intrascrotal hemorrhage and/or edema often becomes organised if left untreated to form fibrous tissue; also cicatricial scar formation that obstructs the epididymis may interfere with thermoregulation of spermatogenesis leading to degeneration of seminiferous tubules and progressive testicular atrophy.

Timecourse

  • Acute onset.

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Prevention

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code