Equis ISSN 2398-2977

Patella: fracture

Contributor(s): Stephen Adams, Chris Whitton

Introduction

Pathogenesis

Predisposing factors

General
  • Eventing.
  • Hunting.

Pathophysiology

  • Jumping fence   →   stifle fully flexed, patella held against femoral trochlea   →   direct trauma, eg stifle strikes fence   →   fracture of patella   Musculoskeletal: fracture  .

Timecourse

  • Acute - for direct trauma.
  • Chronic - for degenerative joint disease.

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Reardon R & Lischer C (2008)Diagnosis and management of acute stifle injury in adult horses.In Pract30(8), 426-433 VetMedResource.
  • Marble G P & Sullins K E (2000)Arthroscopic removal of patellar fracture fragents in horses - five cases (1989-1998).JAVMA216(11), 1799-1801 PubMed.
  • Dyson Set al(1992)Clinical and radiographic features, treatment and outcome in 15 horses with fracture of the medial aspect of the patella.Equine Veterinary Journal24(4), 264-268 PubMed.
  • McIlwraith C W (1990)Osteochondral fragmentation of the distal aspect of the patella in horses.Equine Vet Jl22, 157-163 PubMed.
  • Parks A H & Wyn-Jones G (1988)Traumatic injuries of the patella in five horses.Equine Vet J2025-28 PubMed.


ADDED